Share This Article:

Electrical Performance and Effect of Frequency Electromagnetic Waves on Subterranean Termites Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren

DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2014.61001    3,378 Downloads   4,797 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The research aimed to propose a non-destructive technology to control subterranean termites Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren infestation based on electromagnetic waves. A portable apparatus for this technology has been built and its experiment is presented in this paper. Some electrical parameters were measured and analyzed along with their effects to the termites. The experiment using frequency range between 30 Hz - 600 kHz has been done. The average error of the apparatus by comparing the result with the direct measurement using oscilloscope was also measured. The highest error value appeared at 600 kHz with frequency error 6.05 kHz. The highest error of voltage (i.e. 0.186 Volt) appeared at 100 kHz. For safetiness, the highest magnetic field at 300 kHz was 0.1815 μT and at 500 kHz was 0.00725 μT which were safe for human. The average value of termites mortality was higher on irradiation time 120 minutes than 60 minutes respectively in all test frequency: 300 kHz, 400 kHz, 500 kHz and 600 kHz. This paper presents an important information of the electromagnatic-based technology for environmental friendly termites control in spite of using the insecticides.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Panjaitan, F. Diba, F. Hadary and T. Yoshimura, "Electrical Performance and Effect of Frequency Electromagnetic Waves on Subterranean Termites Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren," Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications, Vol. 6 No. 1, 2014, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.4236/jemaa.2014.61001.

References

[1] D. Nandika, Y. Rismayadi and F. Diba, “Termites: Biology and Its Control,” Muhammadiyah University Press, Surakarta, 2003.
[2] C. Y. Lee, C. Vongkaluang and M. Lenz, “Challenges to Subterranean Termite Management of Multi-Genera Faunas in Southeast Asia and Australia,” Sociobiology, Vol. 50, No. 50, 2007, pp. 213-221.
[3] A. Brune, “Termites: Woodworker’s Digest,” Nature, Vol. 11, No. 450, 2007, pp. 61-67.
[4] K. Tsunoda, “Improved Management of Termites to Protect Japanese Homes,” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Urban Pests, Singapore, 10-13 July 2005, 33-37.
[5] Supriyanto, “Electromagnetic Waves Propagation,” Indonesia University Press, Jakarta, 2007.
[6] M. Liu, US Patent No. 5473836, 2007.
[7] Ib O. Pederson, US Patent No 5442876, 2007.
[8] M. F. Kabir, T. D. Leininger, P. A. Araman and M. F. Winn “Detection of Wetwood by Ultrasonics,” Forest Product Journal, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2006, pp. 22-26.
[9] L. G. Lawrence, US Patent No 5210719, 2007.
[10] K. Nakai, T. Mitani, T. Yoshimura, N. Shinohara, K. Tsunoda and Y. Imamura, “Microwave Technology as a Non-Destructive Termite Control Method-Preliminary Results,” Proceeding 6th Pacific Rim Termites Research Group, Kyoto, 2009, pp. 36-40.
[11] F. Diba, F. Hadary, S. D. Panjaitan and T. Yoshimura, “Electromagnetic Waves as Non-Destructive Method to Control Subterranean Termites Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren and Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki,” Procedia Environmental Sciencesr, Vol. 17, 2013, pp. 150-159.
[12] K. Nakai, T. Mitani, T. Yoshimura, N. Shinohara, K. Tsunoda and Y. Imamura, “Effects of Microwave Irradiation on the Drywood Termites Incisitermes minor Hagen,” Japan Journal Environment Entomology Zoology, Vol. 20 No. 4, 2009, pp. 179-184.
[13] T. Bo, “Electromagnetic Field Theory,” Upsilon Books Inc, Sweden, 2008.
[14] M. Kato, “Electromagnetics in Biology,” Springer, Tokyo, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-27914-3
[15] F. Diba, F. Hadary, S. D. Panjaitan and T. Yoshimura, “Development Bio-Control Technology for Subterranean Termites Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren Using Electromagnetic Waves,” International Wood Research Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2010, pp. 71-77.
[16] J. Kevin, N. Kartal, B. Derk and K. Wyne, “Positive Directed Movement of Termites by Radio Waves as a Basis for Control Procedures,” Forest Product Journal, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2007, pp. 237-241.
[17] J. D. Kraus, “Electromagnetics,” Mc Graw Hill Inc, New York, 2006.
[18] Y. Ju, Y. Hirosawa, M. Saka and H. Abe,“Development of a Millimeter Wave Compact Equipment for NDT of Materials,”International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2003, pp. 391-397.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1021843003475
[19] K. G. Ivanovich, S. I. Evgenyevich, G. A. Vasilyevich, D. T. Nikolaevna and V. E. Igorevich, “Features of Usage of Electromagnetic Field of Extremely Low Frequency for the Storage of Agricultural Products,” Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications, Vol. 5, 2013, pp. 236-241
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jemaa.2013.55038
[20] G. R. Huguenin, “Millivison Millimeter Wave Imagers,” The National Institute of Justice, Office of Science and Technology Cooperative Agreement Project NO. 95-IJCX-KO07, Doc. No.181652, Washington DC, 2000.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.