Share This Article:

Ultrasonic Spray Coating for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:298KB) PP. 33-37
DOI: 10.4236/oja.2013.33A006    5,628 Downloads   9,597 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound is now a widely used method for catalyst synthesis, catalyst support treatment, catalyst layer fabrication, membrane electrode assembly (MEA) fabrication, and humidifier etc. for fuel cell applications. Among the abovementioned uses, ultrasonic technology has been utilised mainly for MEA fabricationespecially since it has demonstrated the capability to produce ultralow platinum loadings. This paper reports the power density and cathode mass power density at peak power and 500 mA/cm2 conditions for ultrasonically spray coated MEAs. These MEAs were also produced with various Nafion content ratios and platinum loadings. The results indicate varying optimum values for different conditions.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

T. Jao, G. Jung, H. Shen, C. Yeh and Y. Su, "Ultrasonic Spray Coating for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell," Open Journal of Acoustics, Vol. 3 No. 3A, 2013, pp. 33-37. doi: 10.4236/oja.2013.33A006.

References

[1] J.-H. Jang, C. Pak and Y.-U. Kwon, “Ultrasound-Assisted Polyol Synthesis and Electrocatalytic Characterization of PdxCo Alloy and Core-Shell Nanoparticles,” Journal of Power Source, Vol. 201, 2012, pp. 179-183. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.10.139
[2] I. Choi, K. G. Lee, S. H. Ahn, D. H. Kim, O. J. Kwon and J. J. Kim, “Sonochemical Synthesis of Pt-Deposited SiO2 Nanocomposite and Its Catalytic Application for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Under Low-Humidity Conditions,” Catalysis Communications, Vol. 21, 2012, pp. 86-90. doi:10.1016/j.catcom.2012.02.005
[3] C. Yang, X. Hu, D. Wang, C. Dai, L. Zhang, H. Jin, et al., “Ultrasonically Treated Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) as PtRu Catalyst supports for Methanol Electrooxidation,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 160, No. 1, 2006, pp. 187-193. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.05.015
[4] T.-H. Huang, H.-L. Shen, T.-C. Jao, F.-B. Weng and A. Su, “Ultra-Low Pt Loading for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells by Catalyst Coating Technique with Ultrasonic Spray Coating Machine,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 37, No. 18, 2012, pp. 13872-13879. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.04.108
[5] Y. Devrim, S. Erkan, N. Ba and I. Eroglu, “Improvement of PEMFC Performance with Nafion/Inorganic Nanocomposite Membrane Electrode Assembly Prepared by Ultrasonic Coating Technique,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 37, No. 21, 2012, pp. 16748-16758. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.02.148??
[6] B. Millington, V. Whipple and B. G. Pollet, “A Novel Method for Preparing Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Electrodes by the Ultrasonic-Spray Technique,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 196, No. 20, 2011, pp. 8500-8508. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.06.024
[7] C.-C. Sung, C.-Y. Bai, J.-H. Chen and S.-J. Chang, “Controllable Fuel Cell Humidification by Ultrasonic Atomization,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 239, 2013, pp. 151-156. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.03.076
[8] M. Cavarroc, A. Ennadjaoui, M. Mougenot, P. Brault, R. Escalier, Y. Tessier, et al., “Performance of Plasma Sputtered Fuel Cell Electrodes with Ultra-Low Pt Loadings,” Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2009, pp. 859-861. doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2009.02.012
[9] M. D. Gasda, G. A. Eisman and D. Gall, “Sputter-Deposited Pt/CrN Nanoparticle PEM Fuel Cell Cathodes: Limited Proton Conductivity Through Electrode Dewetting,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 157, No. 1, 2010, pp. B71. doi:10.1149/1.3247351
[10] M. Mougenot, A. Caillard, P. Brault, S. Baranton and C. Coutanceau, “High Performance Plasma Sputtered PdPt Fuel Cell Electrodes with Ultra Low Loading,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 36, No. 14, 2011, pp. 8429-8434. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.04.080
[11] M. Saha, A. Gulla, R. Allen and S. Mukerjee, “High Performance Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells with Ultra-Low Pt Loading Electrodes Prepared by Dual Ion-Beam Assisted Deposition,” Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 51, No. 22, 2006, pp. 4680-4692. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2006.01.006
[12] A. F. Gullá, M. S. Saha, R. J. Allen, S. Mukerjee, “Dual Ion-Beam-Assisted Deposition as a Method to Obtain Low Loading-High Performance Electrodes for PEMFCs,” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 8, No. 10, 2005, p. A504.
[13] A. F. Gullá, M. S. Saha, R. J. Allen and S. Mukerjee, “Toward Improving the Performance of PEM Fuel Cell by Using Mix Metal Electrodes Prepared by Dual IBAD,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 153, No. 2, 2006, p. A366.
[14] N. Ramaswamy, T. M. Arruda, W. Wen, N. Hakim, M. Saha, A. Gullá, et al., “Enhanced Activity and Interfacial Durability Study of Ultra Low Pt Based Electrocatalysts Prepared by Ion Beam Assisted Deposition (IBAD) Method,” Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 54, No. 26, 2009, pp. 6756-6766. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2009.06.040
[15] I.-S. Park, W. Li and A. Manthiram, “Fabrication of Catalyst-Coated Membrane-Electrode Assemblies by Doctor Blade Method and Their Performance in Fuel Cells,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 195, No. 20, 2010, pp. 7078-7082. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.05.004
[16] R. N. Bonifácio, J. O. A. Paschoal, M. Linardi, R. Cuenca, “Catalyst Layer Optimization by Surface Tension Control During Ink Formulation of Membrane Electrode Assemblies in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 196, No. 10, 2011, pp. 4680-4685. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.01.010
[17] A. D. Taylor, E. Y. Kim, V. P. Humes, J. Kizuka and L. T. Thompson, “Inkjet Printing of Carbon Supported Platinum 3-D Catalyst Layers for Use in Fuel Cells,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 171, No. 1, 2007, pp. 101-106. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.01.024
[18] M. S. Saha, D. K. Paul, D. Malevich, B. A. Peppley and K. Karan, “Preparation of Ultra-Thin Catalyst Layers by Piezo-Electric Printer for PEMFCs Applications,” Vienna, 2009. pp. 2049-2059.
[19] M. S. Saha, D. Malevich, E. Halliop, J. G. Pharoah, B. A. Peppley and K. Karan, “Electrochemical Activity and Catalyst Utilization of Low Pt and Thickness Controlled Membrane Electrode Assemblies,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 158, No. 5, 2011, p. B562. doi:10.1149/1.3559188
[20] C. Hsu, “An Innovative Process for PEMFC Electrodes Using the Expansion of Nafion Film,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 115, No. 2, 2003, pp. 268-273. doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(03)00005-3
[21] S. Martin, P. L. Garcia-Ybarra and J. L. Castillo, “Electrospray Deposition of Catalyst Layers with Ultra-Low Pt Loadings for PEM Fuel Cells Cathodes,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 195, No. 9, 2010, pp. 2443-2449. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.11.092
[22] R. Benítez, A. M. Chaparro and L. Daza, “Electrochemical Characterisation of Pt/C Suspensions for the Reduction of Oxygen,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 151, 2005, pp. 2-10. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.02.077
[23] R. Benítez, J. Soler and L. Daza, “Novel method for Preparation of PEMFC Electrodes by the Electrospray Technique,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 151, 2005, pp. 108-113. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.02.047
[24] A. M. Chaparro, R. Benítez, L. Gubler, G. G. Scherer and L. Daza, “Study of Membrane Electrode Assemblies for PEMFC, with Cathodes Prepared by the Electrospray Method,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 169, No. 1, 2007, pp. 77-84. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.01.044
[25] A. M. Chaparro, B. Gallardo, M. A. Folgado, A. J. Martín and L. Daza, “PEMFC Electrode Preparation by Electrospray: Optimization of Catalyst Load and Ionomer Content,” Catalysis Today, Vol. 143, No. 3-4, 2009, pp. 237-241.
[26] A. M. Chaparro, M. A. Folgado, P. Ferreira-Aparicio, A. J. Martín, I. Alonso-álvarez and L. Daza, “Properties of Catalyst Layers for PEMFC Electrodes Prepared by Electrospray Deposition,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 157, No. 7, 2010, pp. B993.
[27] S. Martin, P. L. Garcia-Ybarra and J. L. Castillo, “High Platinum Utilization in Ultra-Low Pt Loaded PEM Fuel Cell Cathodes Prepared by Electrospraying,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 35, No. 19, 2010, pp. 10446-10451. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.07.069
[28] A. M. Chaparro, P. Ferreira-Aparicio, M. A. Folgado, A. J. Martín and L. Daza, “Catalyst Layers for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Prepared by Electrospray Deposition on Nafion Membrane,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 196, No. 9, 2011, pp. 4200-4208. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.09.096

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.