Depressive mood, bonding failure, and abusive parenting among mothers with three-month-old babies in a Japanese community

DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.33A001   PDF   HTML     4,505 Downloads   6,271 Views   Citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the relationships between depressive mood, bonding failure, and abusive parenting. Method: We distributed questionnaires to 1198 mothers attending a three-month postnatal health check-up in rural areas in Japan. The questionnaires assessed these three variables along with demographics. We evaluated the causal relationships by comparing different structural equation models to the data. Results: Although all the models fit the data well, the best Akaike Information Criterion was obtained from a model where both depressive mood and bonding failure predict abusive parenting, but depressive mood and bonding failure do not predict each other directly. The determinant coefficient of child abuse in the final model was 0.13. Discussion: We found depressive mood and bonding failure during postpartum period impacted negatively on mother’s parenting behaviour. Because only 13% of the variance of abusive parenting was explainable by this model, further study should be needed to identify other risk factors of child abuse. Similarly, midwives and public health nurse in community should pay attention to not only depression but also bonding failure to prevent child abuse.

Share and Cite:

Kitamura, T. , Ohashi, Y. , Kita, S. , Haruna, M. and Kubo, R. (2013) Depressive mood, bonding failure, and abusive parenting among mothers with three-month-old babies in a Japanese community. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 3, 1-7. doi: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.33A001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] O’Hara, M.W. (2009) Postpartum depression: What we know. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 1258-1269. doi:10.1002/jclp.20644
[2] O’Hara, M.W. and Swain, A.M. (1996) Rate and risk of postpartum depression: A meta-analysis. International Review of Psychiatry, 8, 37-54. doi:10.3109/09540269609037816
[3] Kitamura, T., Yoshida, K., Okano, T., Kinoshita, K., Hayashi, M., Toyoda, N., et al. (2006) Multicentre prospective study of perinatal depression in Japan: Incidence and correlates. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 9, 121-130. doi:10.1007/s00737-006-0122-3
[4] Beck, C.T. (1995) The effects of postpartum depression on maternal-infant interaction: A metal-analysis. Nursing Research, 44, 298-304. doi:10.1097/00006199-199509000-00007
[5] Brockington, I. (2004) Diagnosis and management of postpartum disorders: A review. World Psychiatry, 3, 89-95.
[6] Kumar, R.C. (1997) “Anybody’s child”: Severe disorders of mother-to-infant bonding. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 175-181. doi:10.1192/bjp.171.2.175
[7] Kitamura, T., Kitahara, T., Koizumi, T., Takashi, N., Chiou, M.L. and Fujihara, S. (1995) Epidemiology of child abuse in Japan: How big is the iceberg? Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 6, 425-431.
[8] Kitamura, T., Kaibori, Y., Takara, N., Oga, H., Yamauchi, K. and Fujihara, S. (2000) Child abuse, other early experiences and depression: I. Epidemiology of parental loss, child abuse, perceived rearing experience and early life events among a Japanese community population. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 3, 47-52.
[9] Wu, S.S., Ma, C., Carter, R.L., Ariet, M., Feaver, E.A. and Resnick, M.B., et al. (2004) Risk factors for infant maltreatment: A population-based study. Child Abuse Neglect, 28, 1253-1264. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.07.005
[10] Kitamura, T., Takauma, F., Tada, K., Yoshida, K. and Nakano, H. (2004) Postnatal depression, social support, and child abuse. World Psychiatry, 3, 100-101.
[11] Yamagata, Z. (2001) Healthy parents and children 21. http://rhino.med.yamana shi.ac.jp/sukoyaka/abstract.html
[12] Japan Association of Public Health Center Directors (2012) Japan association of public health center directors. http://www.phcd.jp
[13] Chochinov, H.M., Wilson, K.G., Enns, M. and Lander, S. (1997) Are you depressed? Screening for depression in the terminally ill. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 674-676.
[14] Mitchell, A.J. and Coyne, J.C. (2007) Do ultra-short screening instruments accurately detect depression in primary care? A pooled analysis and meta-analysis of 22 studies. British Journal of General Practice, 57, 144-151.
[15] Taylor, A., Atkins, R., Kumar, R., Adams, D. and Glover, V. (2005) A new mother-infant bonding scale: Links with early maternal mood. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 8, 45-51. doi:10.1007/s00737-005-0074-z
[16] Figueiredo, B., Costa, R., Pacheco, A. and Pais, A. (2009) Mother-to-infant emotional involvement at birth. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 13, 539-549. doi:10.1007/s10995-008-0312-x
[17] Wittkowski, A., Wiek, A. and Mann, S. (2007) An evaluation of two bonding questionnaires: A comparison of the mother-to-infant bonding scale with the postpartum bonding questionnaire in a sample of primiparous mothers. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 10, 171-175. doi:10.1007/s00737-007-0191-y
[18] Yoshida, K., Yamashita, H., Conroy, S., Marks, M. and Kumar, C. (2012) A Japanese version of mother-to-infant bonding scale: Factor structure, longitudinal changes and links with maternal mood during the early postnatal period in Japanese moters. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 15, 343-352.
[19] Straus, M.A. (1979) Measuring intrafamilial conflict and violence: Conflict tactics scales. Journal of Marriage and Family, 41, 75-88.
[20] Schermelleh-Engel1, K., Moosbrugger, H. and Müller, H. (2003) Evaluating the fit of structural equation models: Tests of significance and descriptive goodness-of-fit measures. Methods of Psychological Research Online, 8, 23-74.
[21] Kline, R.B. (2005) Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. 2nd Edition, Guilford Press, New York.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.