Occurrence and Distribution of Chickpea Diseases in Central and Southern Parts of India


A survey was conducted in 2010-2011 rabi cropping season to obtain information on the distribution and incidence of chickpea diseases in respect to soil type, cultivar used, seed treatment in central and southern parts of India. Local cultivars predominated in most farmers’ fields (25% - 48%). 63% of the farmers were practices seed treatment with fungicide. Dry root rot and collar rot diseases were found at all of the sites and incidence ranged from 8.9% - 10.3% and 7.1% - 10.5% respectively irrespective of cultivar type and locations. Incidence of wilt and black root rot disease ranged from 9.7% - 13.8% and 6.6% - 7.4% respectively. Black root rot disease was found in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka states only. The result indicated that dry root rot and collar rot is currently highly distributed in all surveyed chickpea growing areas of central and southern parts of India. Therefore, possible management options are vital to alleviate the problem.

Share and Cite:

R. Ghosh, M. Sharma, R. Telangre and S. Pande, "Occurrence and Distribution of Chickpea Diseases in Central and Southern Parts of India," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 4, 2013, pp. 940-944. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.44116.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Y. L. Nene, V. K. Shelia and S. B. Sharma, “A World List of Chickpea and Pigeonpea Diseases,” Legume Pathology Progress Report—7, ICRISAT Publication, 1989.
[2] M. P. Haware, Y. L. Nene and S. B. Mathur, “Seed Borne Diseases of Chickpea,” Technical Bulletin 1, Danish Government Institute of Seed Technology for Developing Countries, Copenhagen, Vol. 1, 1986, pp. 1-32.
[3] Y. L. Nene, V. K. Shelia and S. B. Sharma, “A World List of Chickpea and Pigenpea Pathogens,” 5th Edition, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, 1996, p. 27.
[4] A. Singh and A. Sirohi, “Status of Chickpea Diseases in Himachal Pradesh, India,” ICPN, No. 10, 2003, pp. 29- 31.
[5] P. S. Nikam, G. P. Jagtap and P. L. Sontakke, “Survey, Surveillance and Cultural Characteristics of Chickpea Wilt Caused by Fusarium oxysporium f. sp. ciceri,” African Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 6, No. 7, 2011, pp. 1913-1917.
[6] S. Pande, S. Desai and M. Sharma, “Impacts of Climate Change on Rainfed Crop Diseases: Current Status and Future Research Needs,” National Symposium on Climate Change and Rainfed Agriculture, Hyderabad, 18-20 February 2010, pp. 55-59.
[7] Y. L. Nene, “Diseases of Chickpea,” Proceedings International Workshop on Chickpea Improvement, India, 28 February-2 March 1979, pp. 171-178.
[8] S. Pande, G. K. Kishore and J. N. Rao, “Evaluation of Chickpea Lines for Resistance to Dry Root Rot Caused by Rhizoctonia bataticola,” ICPN, No. 11, 2004, p. 37.
[9] A. Akram, M. Iqbal, A. Rauf and R. Aleem, “Detection of Resistant Sources for Collar Rot Disease in Chickpea Germplasm,” Pakistani Journal of Botany, Vol. 40, No. 5, 2008, pp. 2211-2215.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.