Design of Building Monitoring Systems Based on Wireless Sensor Networks

.
DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2010.29085   PDF   HTML     7,990 Downloads   15,830 Views   Citations

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Network provides a potential technique for monitoring the indoor environment. This paper presents a Building Monitoring system based on Wireless Sensor Networks. A clustering-based network specified for building monitoring is proposed, which is inspired by LEACH (Low Energy Adaptive Cluster Hierarchy) method. Further, two key ideas are used to implement the clustering-based network. First, the configuration module of building management software is used to conduct all nodes in a room forming a local cluster. This cluster formation method does not consume node energy. Second, because cluster-heads cannot directly transmit packets to the sink node due to limited wireless communication range, the cluster-head communications are represented by a multi-hop tree rooted at the sink node. The experiment has been made to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed results.

Share and Cite:

Q. Dong, L. Yu, H. Lu, Z. Hong and Y. Chen, "Design of Building Monitoring Systems Based on Wireless Sensor Networks," Wireless Sensor Network, Vol. 2 No. 9, 2010, pp. 703-709. doi: 10.4236/wsn.2010.29085.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] B. Robert, “Buildings Can Play a Key Role in Com- bating Climate Change,” 2007. http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp
[2] K. M. Michael and R. B. Michael, “Pros & Cons of Wireless,” American Society and Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers Journal, Vol. 44, No. 11, November 2002, pp. 54 - 61.
[3] L. M. Sun, J. Z. Li, Y. Chen and H. S. Zhu, “Wireless Sensors Networks,” Tsinghua University Press, Beijing, 2005.
[4] A. Willing, “Wireless Sensor Networks: Concept, Challenges and Approaches,” Elektrotechnik & Informationstechnik, Vol. 123, No.6, June 2006, pp. 224-231.
[5] C. Adam and W. Jakub, “On Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks,” Internet - Technical Development and Applications, Springer, 2009, pp.91-99.
[6] S. Thomas, D. F. Henri and V. Martin, “Sensor Scope: Experiences with a Wireless Building Monitoring Sensor Network,” Proceedings of the Workshop on Real-World Wireless Sensor Networks, Stockholm, 2005.
[7] J. Y. Chang, J. Y. Kim and O. Kwon, “Demo Abstract: Control City – Integrating Wireless Sensor Networks and Building Management Systems,” Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks. San Francisco, February, 2009, pp. 421-422.
[8] W. S. Jang, W. M. Healy and J. S. Miroslaw, “Wireless Sensor Networks as Part of a Web-Based Building Environmental Monitoring System,” Automation in Construction, Vol. 17, No. 6, August 2008, pp. 729-736.
[9] D. Tessa, G. Elena and B. James, “Wireless Sensor Networks to Enable the Passive House- Deployment Experiences,” Smart Sensing and Context, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 177-192.
[10] W. S. Jang and W. M. Healy, “Wireless Sensor Network Performance Metrics for Building Applications,” Energy and Buildings, Vol. 42, No. 6, 2010, pp. 862-868.
[11] W. B. Heinzelman, A. P. Chandrakasan and H. Balak- rishnan, “An Application-Specific Protocol Architecture for Wireless Micro-sensor Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2002, pp. 660-670.
[12] W. B. Heinzelman, A. P. Chandrakasan and H. Balak- rishnan, “Energy-Efficient Communication Protocol for Wireless Micro-sensor Networks,” Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Hawaii, 2000, pp. 1-10.
[13] W. Ye, J. Heidemann and D. Estrin, “An Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Proceedings of the 21st International Joint Conference on IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, New York, June 2002, pp. 1567-1576.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.