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Kinetic spectrophotometric determination of certain cephalosporins using iodate/iodide mixture

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DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.25053    6,141 Downloads   13,030 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A simple, precise and accurate kinetic spectro-photometric method for determination of ce-fradine anhydrous, cefaclor monohydrate, ce-fadroxil monohydrate, cefalexin anhydrous and cefixime in bulk and in pharmaceutical formula-tions has been developed. The method based on a kinetic investigation of the reaction of the free carboxylic acid group of the drug with a mixture of potassium iodate and potassium iodide at room temperature to form yellow coloured triiodide ions. The reaction was followed up spectrophotometrically by measuring the increase in absorbance at 352 nm as a function of time. The initial rate, fixed time, variable time and rate-constant methods were adopted for constructing the calibration curves but fixed time method has been found to be more applicable. The analytical performance of the method, in terms of accuracy and precision, was statistically validated; the results were satisfactory. The method has been successfully applied to the determination of the studied drugs in commercial pharmaceutical formulations. Statistical comparison of the results with a well established reported method showed excellent ag- reement and proved that there is no significant difference in the accuracy and precision.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

El-Shaboury, S. , Mohamed, F. , Saleh, G. and Rageh, A. (2010) Kinetic spectrophotometric determination of certain cephalosporins using iodate/iodide mixture. Natural Science, 2, 432-443. doi: 10.4236/ns.2010.25053.

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