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**Electromagnetic nature of the nuclear forces and a toroid model of nucleons in atomic nuclei** ()

In this paper we consider nucleons as tori, rotating with a constant angular velocity around the straight line passing through their mass centre (geometric centre) and perpendicular to their plane of rotation. We theoretically determine the corresponding potential energy and the force of interaction between pairs of nucleons, using our precise analytical formulas for the electrostatic interaction between two spheres with arbitrary radii and charges, which we derive using experimentally obtained results for the radii and the masses of the nucleons. From the values for binding energy found through our method, it follows that nuclear forces are electromagnetic in nature. In terms of magnitude of the force of interaction between proton and neutron, we obtain that Coulomb's forces are short-range. Our toroid model explains the experimental results not only for binding energy, but also for the radius, magnetic moment and the spin of the nuclei of atoms.

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Kolikov, K. , Ivanov, D. and Krastev, G. (2012) Electromagnetic nature of the nuclear forces and a toroid model of nucleons in atomic nuclei.

*Natural Science*,**4**, 47-56. doi: 10.4236/ns.2012.41008.Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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