Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology

Volume 7, Issue 2 (April 2017)

ISSN Print: 2161-7678   ISSN Online: 2161-7686

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Volume and Surface Nucleation of Crystals in Glass Based on Blast-Furnace Slag

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DOI: 10.4236/jcpt.2017.72002    884 Downloads   1,399 Views   Citations
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ABSTRACT

Using differential thermal analysis, X-ray phase analysis, electron microscopy, and optical microscopy, the nucleation of crystals in glass obtained by blending metallurgical slag with silicon dioxide has been studied. The type of crystallization (homogeneous or heterogeneous, volume or surface) is revealed for each of nine compositions of synthesized glass. It is shown that the first crystalline phase in a volume crystallizing glass is perovskite (CaO·TiO2); in this phase a nucleation of the main phase occurs: melilite (solid solution of gehlenite 2CaO·Al2O3·SiO2 in akermanite 2CaO·MgO·2SiO2). The fundamental characteristics of homogeneous (for a catalizing phase, perovskite) and heterogeneous (for a catalyzed phase, melilite) of crystallization are determined: the steady state nucleation rate Ist, time of unsteady state nucleation τ, crystal growth rate U, and activation energy of frictional flow. The temperature dependences of Ist, τ, and U are obtained. The kinetics of the crystallization of glass is studied and the rates of the surface crystal growth are determined in the glass of nine compositions. The influence of grinding the particles of the original glass on the sequence of deposition of the crystalline phases was studied. Practical recommendations are presented for the use of blast-furnace slag as a raw material for the synthesis of glass and their further utilization.

Cite this paper

Sycheva, G. (2017) Volume and Surface Nucleation of Crystals in Glass Based on Blast-Furnace Slag. Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology, 7, 11-47. doi: 10.4236/jcpt.2017.72002.

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