Share This Article:

Effect of Medical Advice for Diet on Diabetes Self-Management and Glycemic Control for Haitian and African Americans with Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:169KB) PP. 1094-1101
DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.411142    3,382 Downloads   4,892 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Adequate care of type 2 diabetes is reflected by the individual’s adherence to dietary guidance; yet, few patients are engaged in diabetes self-care at the recommended level, regardless of race/ethnicity. Few studies on the effect of dietary medical advice on diabetes self-management (DSM) and glycemic control have been conducted on Haitian and African American adults with type 2 diabetes. These relationships were assessed in total of 254 Blacks with type 2 diabetes (Haitian Americans = 129; African Americans = 125) recruited from Miami-Dade and Broward Counties, Florida by community outreach methods. Although dietary advice received was not significantly different between the two Black ethnicities, given advice “to follow a diet” as a predictor of “using food groups” was significant for Haitian Americans, but not for African Americans. Haitian Americans who were advised to follow a diet were approximately 3 times more likely to sometimes or often use food groups (or exchange lists) in planning meals. Less than optimal glycemic control (A1C > 7.2) was inversely related to DSM for African Americans; but the relationship was not significant for Haitian Americans. A one unit increase in DSM score decreased the odds ratio point estimate of having less than optimal glycemic control (A1C > 7.2%) by a factor of 0.94 in African Americans. These results suggest that medical advice for diet plans may not be communicated effectively for DSM for some races/ethnicities. Research aimed at uncovering the enablers and barriers of diet management specific to Black ethnicities with type 2 diabetes is recommended.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

F. Huffman, J. Exebio, J. Vaccaro, G. Zarini and Z. Dixon, "Effect of Medical Advice for Diet on Diabetes Self-Management and Glycemic Control for Haitian and African Americans with Type 2 Diabetes," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 11, 2013, pp. 1094-1101. doi: 10.4236/fns.2013.411142.

References

[1] National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive Kidney Dis eases, “National Diabetes Statistics, 2011 Fact Sheet,” US Department of Health and Human Services, National In stitutes of Health, Bethesda, 2011.
[2] Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “National Diabetes Fact Sheet,” 2011. http://
www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/pdf/ndfs_2011.pdf
[3] American Diabetes Association, “Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2012,” Diabetes Care, Vol. 35, Suppl. 1, 2012, pp. S4-S63.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc12-s004
[4] M. W. Stolar, B. J. Hoogwerf, S. M. Gorshow, P. J. Boyle and D. O. Wales, “Managing Type 2 Diabetes: Going beyond Glycemic Control,” Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2008, pp. S2-S19.
[5] C. Nwasuruba, M. Khan and E. Egede, “Racial/Ethnic Differences in Multiple Self-Care Behaviors in Adults with Diabetes,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol. 22, 2007, pp. 115-120.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-007-0120-9
[6] Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, “National Healthcare Quality Report, 2008. Chapter 2: Effective ness, Diabetes,” AHRQ Publication No. 09-000, 2008.
[7] American College of Physicians, American Society of Internal Medicine, “No Health Insurance? It’s Enough to Make You Sick. Latino Community at Great Risk,” White Paper, Philadelphia, ACP-ASIM, 2000.
[8] G. A. Nichols and J. B. Brown, “Unadjusted and Ad justed Prevalence of Diagnosed Depression in Type 2 Diabetes,” Diabetes Care, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2003, pp. 744-749.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/diacare.26.3.744
[9] J. A. Wagner, G. L. Abbott, A. Heapy and L. Yong, “De pressive Symptoms and Diabetes Control in African Americans,” Journal of Immigrant Minority Health, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2009, pp. 66-70.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-008-9147-1
[10] V. G. Vimalananda, J. L. Rosenzweig, H. J. Cabral, M. M. David and K. E. Lasser, “Comparison of Diabetes Control among Haitians, African Americans, and Non-Hispanic Whites in an Urban Safety-Net Hospital,” Diabetes Care, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2011, pp. 58-60.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc10-1387
[11] Michigan Diabetes Research and Training Center, “Survey Instruments for Health Professionals: Diabetes Care Profile,” 2012. http://www.med.umich.edu/mdrtc/profs/survey.html#dcp
[12] American Diabetes Association, “Using Exchange Lists: Diabetes Meal Planning,” 2013.
http://www.americandiabetes.com/living-diabetes/diabetes-nutrition-articles/using-exchange-lists-
diabetes-meal-planning
[13] J. Cohen, “Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences,” 2nd Edition, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, 1988, p. 535.
[14] S. Cohen, T. Kamarck and R. Mermelstein, “A Global Measure of Perceived Stress,” Journal of Health and So cial Behavior, Vol. 24, No. 4, 1983, pp. 385-396. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2136404
[15] S. Cohen and G. Williamson, “Perceived Stress in a Probability Sample of the U.S.,” In S. Spacapam and S. Oskamp, Eds., The Social Psychology of Health: Clare mont Symposium on Applied Social Psychology, Sage, Newbury Park, 1988, pp. 99-125.
[16] S. Contreras, S. Fernandez, V. L. Malcarne, R. E. Ingram and V. R. Vaccarino, “Reliability and Validity of the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories in Caucasian Americans and Latinos,” Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 26 No. 4, 2004, pp. 446-462.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0739986304269164
[17] K. B. Grothe, G. R. Dutton, G. N. Jones, J. Bodenlos, M. Ancona and P. J. Brantley, “Validation of the Beck De pression Inventory-II in a Low-Income African American Sample of Medical Outpatients,” Psychological Assess ment, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2005, pp. 110-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.17.1.110
[18] A. M. Kriska, W. C. Knowler, R. E. LaPorte, et al., “De velopment of Questionnaire to Examine Relationship of Physical Activity and Diabetes in Pima Indians,” Diabe tes Care, Vol. 13, No. 4, 1990, pp. 401-411. http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/diacare.13.4.401
[19] B. E. Ainsworth, W. L. Haskell, S. D. Herrmann, et al., “Compendium of Physical Activities: A Second Update of Codes and MET Values,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 43, No. 8, 2011, pp. 1575-1581. http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31821ece12
[20] J. Greene and M. J. Yedidia, “Provider Behaviors Con tributing to Patient Self Management of Chronic Illness among Underserved Populations,” Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2005, pp. 808-824. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/hpu.2005.0097
[21] M. Heisler, I. Cole, D. Weir, E. A. Kerr and R. A. Hay ward, “Does a Physician Communication Influence Older Patients’ Diabetes Self-Management and Glycemic Control? Results from the Health and Retirement Study,” Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 62A, No. 12, 2007, pp. 1435-1442.
[22] M. L. Parchman, J. A. Pugh, P. H. Noel and A. C. Larme, “Continuity of Care, Self-Management Behaviors, and Glucose Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes,” Medi cal Care, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2002, pp. 137-144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00005650-200202000-00008
[23] I. M. El-Kebbi, C. B. Cook, D. C. Ziemer, C. D. Miller, D. L Gallina and L. S. Phillips, “Association of Younger Age with Poorer Glycemic Control and Obesity in Urban African Americans with Type 2 Diabetes,” Archives of Internal Medicine, Vol. 163, No. 1, 2003, pp. 69-75.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archinte.163.1.69
[24] N. V. Oster, V. Welch, L. Schil, J. A. Gazmararian, K. Rask and C. Spettell, “Differences in Self-Management Behaviors and Use of Preventive Services among Diabe tes Management Enrollees by Race and Ethnicity,” Dis ease Management, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2006, pp. 167-175.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/dis.2006.9.167
[25] J. Levin, L. M. Chatters and R. J. Taylor, “Religion, Health and Medicine in African Americans: Implications for Physicians,” Journal of the National Medical Associa tion, Vol. 97, No. 2, 2005, pp. 237-249.
[26] C. Kemp, “Haitians,” 2006. https://bearspace.baylor.edu/Charles_Kemp/www/haitian_refugees.htm
[27] G. Metellus, S. St. Hilaire, L. Hermantin and S. Lacroix, “Risk and Protective Factors in Little-Haiti and the Hai tian/Haitian-American Community in Miami Dade Coun ty,” Working paper Series: SL WPS 02, 2004.
[28] C. M. Brown and R. Segal, “The Effects of Health and Treatment Perceptions on the Use of Prescribed Medica tion and Home Remedies among African American and White Hypertensives,” Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 43, No. 6, 1996, pp. 903-917. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(95)00434-3
[29] R. Wilson, “Lay Beliefs about High Blood Pressure in a Low to Middle-Income Urban African-American Com munity: An Opportunity for Improving Hypertension Control,” American Journal of Medicine, Vol. 112, No. 1, 2002, pp. 26-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9343(01)01049-X
[30] L. M. Lewis and G. Ogedegbe, “Understanding the Na ture and Role of Spirituality in Relation to Medication Adherence: A Proposed Conceptual Model,” Holistic Nursing Practice, Vol. 22, No. 5, 2008, pp. 261-271.
[31] J. L. Middleton, “A Proposed New Model of Hyperten sive Treatment Behavior in African Americans,” Journal of the National Medical Association, Vol. 101, No. 1, 2009, pp. 12-17.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.