Share This Article:

Fluoride Contamination of Groundwater and Health Hazard in Central India

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:2673KB) PP. 1416-1428
DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.717115    3,263 Downloads   4,376 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The basic bed rocks of central India are contaminated with fluorite minerals. The overuse of groundwater for irrigation causes increased mineralization of F- in the groundwater. This contaminated groundwater is widely used for drinking and other household purposes. The excess F- is excreted through urine of animals. In this work, the exposure of contaminated groundwater in domestic animals of Dongargarh city, Chhattisgarh, India is studied. The symptoms of fluorosis diseases in the domestic animals i.e. cattle and buffalo are surveyed. The quality and sources of the contaminants of the groundwater are discussed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Dahariya, N. , Rajhans, K. , Yadav, A. , Ramteke, S. , Sahu, B. and Patel, K. (2015) Fluoride Contamination of Groundwater and Health Hazard in Central India. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 7, 1416-1428. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.717115.

References

[1] Saxena, V.K. and Ahmad, S. (2001) Dissolution of Fluoride in Groundwater: A Water-Rock Interaction Study. Environmental Geology, 40, 1084-1087.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002540100290
[2] Datta, A.S., Chakrabortty, A., De Dalal, S.S. and Lahiri, S.C. (2014) Fluoride Contamination of Underground Water in West Bengal, India. Fluoride, 47, 241-248.
[3] Brindha, K., Rajesh, R., Murugan, R. and Elango, L. (2011) Fluoride Contamination in Groundwater in Parts of Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 172, 481-492.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1348-0
[4] Arveti, N., Sarma, M.R., Aitkenhead-Peterson, J.A. and Sunil, K. (2011) Fluoride Incidence in Groundwater: A Case Study from Talupula, Andhra Pradesh, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 172, 427-443.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1345-3
[5] Reddy, A.G., Reddy, D.V., Rao, P.N. and Prasad, K.M. (2010) Hydrogeochemical Characterization of Fluoride Rich Groundwater of Wailpalli Watershed, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 171, 561-577.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1300-3
[6] Rao, N.S. (2009) Fluoride in Groundwater, Varaha River Basin, Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 152, 47-60.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0295-5
[7] Suthar, S., Garg, V.K., Jangir, S., Kaur, S., Goswami, N. and Singh, S. (2008) Fluoride Contamination in Drinking Water in Rural Habitations of Northern Rajasthan, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 145, 1-6.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-0011-x
[8] Vikas, C. (2009) Occurence and Distribution of Fluoride in Groundwaters of Central Rajasthan, India. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, 51, 169-174.
[9] Rao, N.S. (2011) High-Fluoride Groundwater. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 176, 637-645.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1609-y
[10] Hussain, I., Arif, M. and Hussain, J. (2012) Fluoride Contamination in Drinking Water in Rural Habitations of Central Rajasthan, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184, 5151-5158.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2329-7
[11] Kundu, M.C. and Mandal, B. (2009) Assessment of Potential Hazards of Fluoride Contamination in Drinking Ground-water of an Intensively Cultivated District in West Bengal, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 152, 97-103.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0299-1
[12] Jha, S.K., Nayak, A.K. and Sharma, Y.K. (2010) Potential Fluoride Contamination in the Drinking Water of Marks Nagar, Unnao District, Uttar Pradesh, India. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 32, 217-226.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10653-009-9277-y
[13] Srikanth, R., Gautam, A., Jaiswal, S.C. and Singh, P. (2013) Urinary Fluoride as a Monitoring Tool for Assessing Successful Intervention in the Provision of Safe Drinking Water Supply in Five Fluoride-Affected Villages in Dhar District, Madhya Pradesh, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185, 2343-2350.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-012-2713-y
[14] Avishek, K., Pathak, G., Nathawat, M.S., Jha, U. and Kumari, N. (2010) Water Quality Assessment of Majhiaon Block of Garwa District in Jharkhand with Special Focus on Fluoride Analysis. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 167, 617-623.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1077-4
[15] Singh, C.K. and Mukherjee, S. (2015) Aqueous Geochemistry of Fluoride Enriched Groundwater in Arid Part of Western India. Environmental Science and Pollution Researches International, 22, 2668-2678.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3504-5
[16] Varadarajan, N. and Purandara, B.K. (2008) Fluoride Contamination in Ground Water of Malaprabha Sub Basin. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, 50, 121-126.
[17] Sajil Kumar, P.J. (2012) Assessment of Fluoride Contamination in Groundwater as Precursor for Electrocoagulation. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 89, 172-175.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00128-012-0638-3
[18] Vijay, R., Khobragade, P. and Mohapatra, P.K. (2011) Assessment of Groundwater Quality in Puri City, India: An Impact of Anthropogenic Activities. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 177, 409-418.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1643-9
[19] Banerjee, A. (2015) Groundwater Fluoride Contamination: A Reappraisal. Geoscience Frontiers, 6, 277-284.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2014.03.003
[20] Patel, K.S., Sharma, R., Sahu, B.L., Patel, R.K. and Matini, L. (2014) Ground Water Quality of Rajnandgaon City. Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution, 11, 31-37.
[21] Dutta, R.K., Saikia, G., Das, B., Bezbaruah, C., Das, H.B. and Dube, S.N. (2006) Fluoride Contamination in Groundwater of Central Assam India. Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution, 3, 93-100.
[22] Arif, M., Husain, I., Hussain, J. and Kumar, S. (2013) Assessment of Fluoride Level in Groundwater and Prevalence of Dental Fluorosis in Didwana Block of Nagaur District, Central Rajasthan, India. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 4, 178-184.
[23] Yadav, J.P., Lata, S., Kataria, S.K. and Kumar, S. (2009) Fluoride Distribution in Groundwater and Survey of Dental Fluorosis among School Children in the Villages of the Jhajjar District of Haryana, India. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 31, 431-438.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10653-008-9196-3
[24] Nayak, B., Roy, M.M., Das, B., Pal, A., Sengupta, M.K., De, S.P. and Chakraborti, D. (2009) Health Effects of Groundwater Fluoride Contamination. Clinical Toxicology (Philadelphia), 47, 292-295.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15563650802660349
[25] Suthar, S. (2011) Contaminated Drinking Water and Rural Health Perspectives in Rajasthan, India: An Overview of Recent Case Studies. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 173, 837-849.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1427-2
[26] Nayak, B., Mohan Roy, M., Das, B., Pal, A., Sengupta, M.K., De, S.P. and Chakraborti, D. (2009) Health Effects of Groundwater Fluoride Contamination. Clinical Toxicology, 47, 292-295.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15563650802660349
[27] Kotecha, P.V., Patel, S.V., Bhalani, K.D., Shah, D., Shah, V.S. and Mehta, K.G. (2012) Prevalence of Dental Fluorosis & Dental Caries in Association with High Levels of Drinking Water Fluoride Content in a District of Gujarat. The Indian Journal of Medical Research, 135, 873-877.
[28] Marya, C.M., Ashokkumar, B.R., Dhingra, S., Dahiya, V. and Gupta, A. (2014) Exposure to High-Fluoride Drinking Water and Risk of Dental Caries and Dental Fluorosis in Haryana, India. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 26, 295-303.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1010539512460270
[29] Panday, A. (2010) Prevalence of Fluorisis in an Endemic Village in Central India. Tropical Doctor, 40, 217-219.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/td.2010.100032
[30] Viswanathan, G., Gopalakrishnan, S. and Siva Ilango, S. (2010) Assessment of Water Contribution on Total Fluoride Intake of Various Age Groups of People in Fluoride Endemic and Non-Endemic Areas of Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, South India. Water Research, 44, 6186-6200.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2010.07.041
[31] Viswanathan, G., Jaswanth, A., Gopalakrishnan, S., Siva Ilango, S. and Aditya, G. (2009) Determining the Optimal Fluoride Concentration in Drinking Water for Fluoride Endemic Regions in South India. Science of the Total Environment, 407, 5298-5307.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.06.028
[32] Bhattacharya, S., Majumdar, T.J., Rajawat, A.S., Panigrahi, M.K. and Das, P.R. (2012) Utilization of Hyperion Data over Dongargarh, India, for Mapping Altered/Weathered and Clay Minerals along with Field Spectral Measurements. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 33, 5438-5450.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2012.661094
[33] Nielson, D.M. and Nielson, G. (2006) The Essential Handbook of Groundwater Sampling. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/9781420042795
[34] Nollet, L.M.L. and De Gelder, L.S.P. (2007) Handbook of Water Analysis. 2nd Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton.
[35] BIS (2009) Drinking Water—Specification. 2nd Edition, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
http://bis.org.in/sf/fad/FAD25(2047)C.pdf
[36] WHO (2011) Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality. 4th Edition, World Health Organization, Geneva.
http://www.haceclick.com.uy/documentos/GuIa_OMS%202011_4aEd.pdf
[37] Patra, R.C., Dwivedi, S.K., Bhardwaj, B. and Swarup, D. (2000) Industrial Fluorosis in Cattle and Buffalo around Udaipur, India. Science of the Total Environment, 253, 145-150.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(00)00426-5

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.