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Article citations


Raouf, A.A. and Ahmed, M.F. (2011) The General Equation of the Pipe to Soil Potential at All Humidity Conditions by the Use of Both Soil Factor and Stray Potential of the Pipe-Soil Earthing Grid System. Journal of American Science, 7, 787-795.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Analysis of the Effectiveness and Efficiency of the VA Solution on Offshore Pipelines and Ship Materials

    AUTHORS: Samson Nitonye, Prince Ugboga

    KEYWORDS: Vernomia amydalina, Inhibitors, Efficiency, Mild Steel, Corrosion, Environment

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Marine Science, Vol.10 No.1, December 19, 2019

    ABSTRACT: The analysis of the effectiveness and efficiency of Vernomia amydalina (VA) solution as an inhibitor on offshore pipeline and Ship materials (Steel) was carried out with the preparation of the specimen and the VA solution. The specimens were kept in a workable state and the VA Solution (inhibitor) prepared from 1200 g of bitter leaf was plucked, weighed and crushed separately. 600 cl of water was added to each of the crushed leaves. The mixture was put in a filter cloth and squeezed with hand to filter out the active concentration ingredients responsible for corrosion inhibition, which produced a 2 M concentration of VA extract solution. After the experiment was carried out the specimen was air-dried and weighed to determine the corrosion rate and weight loss. This was followed by the determination of the inhibitor efficiency at the different hours and at different percentage/concentration of the VA solution on the specimen. Results were obtained for different hours and at different percentage (0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% inhibitor)/concentration of the VA solution and graphs plotted. It was observed that at the first week of exposure to corrosive medium there was a substantial reduction in weight of coupons but over the next three weeks there was a gradual decline in weight loss and the corrosion rate reduced evenly. It can be said that the percentage of inhibitor to corrosive medium is insufficient. From the graphs plotted, the inhibitor efficiency is considered high when the concentration of the VA solution is high, which implies a right percentage of inhibitor needs to be administered to obtain good efficiency of the solution. Hence as the weeks go by it was clear that the inhibitor was gradually losing its effectiveness. This means that inhibitors need to be added at regular intervals to sustain the effectiveness of the inhibitor. It is also of vital interest to apply the right concentration of inhibitor since CR increases at high concentrations and temperature. This process did not take into consideration moving water.