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Ludin, N.A., Al-Alwani Mahmoud, A.M., Bakar Mohamad, A., Kadhum, A.A.H., Sopian, K. and Abdul Karim, N.S. (2014) Review on the Development of Natural Dye Photosensitizer for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 31, 386-396.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Photophysical, Electrochemical and Photovoltaic Properties of Porphyrin-Based Dye Sensitized Solar Cell

    AUTHORS: William Ghann, Tulio Chavez-Gil, Carentxa I. Goede, Hyeonggon Kang, Shamsuddin Khan, Hany Sobhi, Fred Nesbitt, Jamal Uddin

    KEYWORDS: Porphyrin Dyes, UV-VIS, Fluorescence, Lifetime Decay, IR, FESEM, TEM, I-V, Cyclic Voltammetry, Impedance and DFT Calculation

    JOURNAL NAME: Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, Vol.7 No.5, May 17, 2017

    ABSTRACT: Porphyrins occur in a number of important biomolecules and are also synthetically made for use as probe component of chemical and biological sensors. The performance of dye sensitized solar cells with two different porphyrin dyes was investigated in this work. The two porphyrin complexes comprised of a metal-free 5, 10, 15, 20-meso-tetrakis-(9H-2-fluorene-yl) porphyrin (H2TFP) and its Zinc complex (ZnTFP). UV-Vis, Fluorescence, and Fourier transformed infrared measurements of the two dyes were carried out to evaluate their absorption, emission and binding characteristics. Both dyes absorbed light in the UV-visible region all the way to the near-infrared. The surface morphology and elemental analysis of the porphyrin dye sensitized photoanodes were determined using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy Imaging and Transmission Electron Microscopy Imaging. Cyclic voltammetry studies, current-voltage characteristics and the electrochemical impedance spectroscopic studies were also carried out. Solar-to-electric energy efficiency of H2TFP dye sensitized solar cell was higher (0.11%) than that of the zinc complex (0.08%). Thus the metal free porphyrin generated more power than the zinc complex under similar conditions. The impedance measurement also displayed less overall resistance for the free porphyrin (50 Ω) compared with the zinc complex (130 Ω). The LUMO levels of H2TFP and ZnTFP sensitizers were -0.87 eV and -0.77 eV respectively. Both of these LUMO values are higher than the lower bound level of the conduction band of TiO2 (-4.0 eV), ensuring the efficient injection of an electron from the excited porphyrin dye to the conduction band of the titanium dioxide.