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Sivalingam, V.N., Duncan, W.C., Kirk, E., Shephard, L.A. and Horne, A.W. (2011) Diagnosis and management of ectopic pregnancy. Journal of Family Planning & Reproductive Health Care, 37, 231-240. doi:10.1136/jfprhc-2011-0073

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Extrauterine pregnancies-risk factors and management

    AUTHORS: Anna Patapuro, Henri Lahdemaki, Jaana Marttala, Markku Santala, Markku Ryynanen

    KEYWORDS: Ectopic Pregnancy; Methotrexate;Salpingec Tomy; Salpingostomy; Expectant;Management; Risk Factor

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Clinical Diagnostics, Vol.3 No.2, June 25, 2013

    ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the clinical progress, risk factors, management, and outcomes of suspected ectopic pregnancy (EP). Design: Retrospective clinical case study. Population: All 184 patients hospitalized for suspected EP during the period 1.1.2008-31.12.2011. Setting: Oulu University Hospital, Finland. Methods: The clinical progress, risk factors, management, complications and outcomes were based on studies of hospital records. Main outcome measures: Symptoms, serum quantitative human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels, management, complications and outcome of patients. Results: At least one of the risk factors was found in 117 women (66%). There were 11 patients without symptoms. In the initial visit, the median hCG concentration was 1915 (20 - 73,000) IU/l. The most common treatment was surgical, 137/181 (76%), followed with medical treatment, 22/181 (12%) and expectant management, 22/181 (12%). Conclusions: Surgery was the most widely used treatment for EP. We might thus draw attention to more conservative management.