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Article citations


Bshary, R. and Schaffer, D. (2002) Choosy Reef Fish Select Cleaner Fish that Provide High-Quality Service. Animal Behaviour, 63, 557-564.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: From Mutualistic Partner to Hunted Prey?

    AUTHORS: Erich K. Ritter

    KEYWORDS: Irritation, Kill, Mutualistic, Shark, Sharksucker, Symbiosis

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Animal Sciences, Vol.9 No.1, January 10, 2019

    ABSTRACT: Sharks and sharksuckers maintain a mutualistic symbiotic relationship; thus, it is surprising to observe a lemon shark, Negaprion brevirostris, killing a sharksucker, Echeneis lucrates, which has been recorded during a dive with lemon sharks. Does this observation indicate that the symbiosis between the two species may shift occasionally? The awkwardness of the recorded kill, combined with its comparatively long duration, suggests this bout be a freak incident, rather than a common occurrence; thus, the mutualistic relationship needs not be questioned. What triggered the bout, however, can only be speculated. Although the caloric value of the killed sharksucker is not known, a feeding-oriented behavior can likely be rejected as the potential cause based on the teleost’s rather small size, and an irritation related issue is more likely to have triggered this bout.