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Article citations


Castillo, J., Munoz, P., Guitera, V. and Pascual, J. (1999) Epidemiology of Chronic Daily Headache in the General Population. Headache, 39, 190-196.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Prevalence and Pattern of Migraine, Tension Type Headache and Chronic Daily Headache among Medical and Nursing Students in Enugu, South East Nigeria

    AUTHORS: O. S. Ekenze, B. A. Ezeala-Adikaibe, C. Orjioke, N. Mbadiwe, U. N. Ijoma, C. Onyekonwu, N. P. Ezeala-Adikaibe, O. Onodugo, O. Anyim, T. Okpara, C. B. Nwatu, I. O. Onwuekwe

    KEYWORDS: Primary Headache, Migraine, Tension Headache, Chronic Daily Headache

    JOURNAL NAME: Health, Vol.10 No.10, October 11, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Aim: To assess the lifetime prevalence of tension-type headache, migraine and chronic daily headache, including the primary headaches in a student population. Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. Data were collected from consecutive consenting students by means of a semi-structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was designed to assess demographic data, headache profiles and medical consultation. Results: Four hundred and forty-nine (89.8%) out of 500 students who were interviewed were analyzed. The lifetime prevalence of primary headache was 89.8%; it 90.5% and 88.6% in females and males respectively. The overall prevalence of migraine was 8.9%, with a prevalence of 10.6% in females and 6.5% in males. Migraine without aura was most commonly seen at 73%. The prevalence of migraine without aura was 7.6% in females and 4.9% in males. Tension type headache (TTH) had an overall prevalence of 22.9%, with a prevalence of 28.4% in females and 15.1% in males. Migraine and tension type headache co-existed in 5.8% of the students. About 8.5% suffered from chronic daily headache: chronic migraine 2.9%, chronic tension headache 3.1%. The rate of medical consultation was 54.8% (males 49.7%, females 58.3%). Conclusions: Headache is a common health problem among medical and nursing students in Enugu South East Nigeria where 89.8% of respondents have had primary headaches. The prevalence of migraine, TTH and chronic daily headache was 8.9%, 22.9% and 8.5% respectively. Headaches therefore, represent one of the most challenging neurological disorders in Sub-Saharan Africa where most sufferers do not have access to specialist care.