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Article citations


Ohisa, N., Yoshida, K., Yanabe, T. and Kaku, M. (2006) Effect of Autonomic Nervous System Activity While Listening to Music. Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical, 130, 63.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Effect of 528 Hz Music on the Endocrine System and Autonomic Nervous System

    AUTHORS: Kaho Akimoto, Ailing Hu, Takuji Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki Kobayashi

    KEYWORDS: Music, Stress, Salivary Assay, Autonomic Nervous System

    JOURNAL NAME: Health, Vol.10 No.9, September 6, 2018

    ABSTRACT: This study examined the stress-reducing effect on the endocrine system and the autonomic nervous system of music with a frequency of 528 Hz, which has recently attracted attention as a “healing” type of music. Nine healthy participants (one man and eight women, aged 26 - 37 years) listened to 528 Hz and standard 440 Hz music on separate days. We measured salivary biomarkers of stress (cortisol, chromogranin A, and oxytocin) before and after exposure to music, and continuously recorded the activity of the autonomic nervous system. The Profile of Mood State, 2nd edition, was also administered as a subjective indicator of stress. In the 528 Hz condition, mean levels of cortisol significantly decreased, chromogranin A tended to decrease, and oxytocin significantly increased after music exposure. However, no significant change was observed in any salivary biomarkers in the 440 Hz condition. The ratio of low frequency to high frequency autonomic nervous system activity significantly decreased after exposure to both types of music, and the coefficient of variation of R-R intervals also significantly decreased, but only after exposure to 528 Hz music. Tension-anxiety and Total Mood Disturbance scores were significantly reduced after exposure to 528 Hz music, while there was no significant difference following 440 Hz music. These results suggest that the influence of music on the autonomic nervous system and endocrine system varies depending on the frequency of the music, and furthermore, that 528 Hz music has an especially strong stress-reducing effect, even following only five minutes of exposure.