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Gumbinger, C., Hug, A., Mürle, B., et al. (2013) Early Blood-Based Microbiological Testing Is Ineffective in Severe Stroke Patients. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 325, 46-50.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2012.11.014

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Sepsis Associated Encephalopathy Predicts Poor Outcome among Acute Supratentorial Intracerebral Hemorrhage with Coma

    AUTHORS: Dao-Ming Tong, Ye-Ting Zhou, Shao-Dan Wang

    KEYWORDS: Sepsis, Sepsis Associated Encephalopathy, Supratentorial Intracerebral Hemorrhage, Coma, Outcome

    JOURNAL NAME: Neuroscience and Medicine, Vol.9 No.3, September 5, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Background: Both sepsis associated encephalopathy (SAE) and supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) are a significant cause of coma and death throughout the world. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the presence of SAE among acute SICH with coma would predict a poor outcome. Methods: A retrospective of consecutive patients was selected for study. All registered an adult intensive care unit (ICU) of university teaching hospital between June, 2013 and July, 2015. Brain computed tomography (CT) scans were analyzed on admission and at coma onset or after coma onset. Univariate and Cox regression analyses were performed. Results: A total of 379 SICH with coma was studied. Among these, 245 (64.6%) SICH patients with coma due to SAE and 134 (35.4%) SICH with coma no SAE was compared. Our data showed that the frequency of the SAE in SICH patients increased at about double the proportion over the four SIRS criteria. The SICH patients with SAE were more likely to present with infection (100% vs 35.8%) and multiple organ failure (1.2 ± 0.9 vs 0.1 ± 0.3), especially nosocomal brain failure (60.4%). The 30 days mortality was significantly higher in the SAE group than those who did not (60.8% vs 11.2%). In Cox multivariate logistic analysis, the SAE (RR, 4.4; 95% CI, 2.296 - 8.422; P = 0.000) was more likely to related to risk on death in SICH patient with coma. Conclusions: SAE is a frequent complication of SICH, which greatly increased risk of death among SICH patients with coma.