SCIRP Mobile Website
Paper Submission

Why Us? >>

  • - Open Access
  • - Peer-reviewed
  • - Rapid publication
  • - Lifetime hosting
  • - Free indexing service
  • - Free promotion service
  • - More citations
  • - Search engine friendly

Free SCIRP Newsletters>>

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from SCIRP.


Contact Us >>

Article citations


World Health Organization (WHO) (1997) WHO Expert Committee on Biological Standardization. Highlights of the 46th Meeting, October 1996. The Weekly Epidemiological Record (WER), 72, 141-145.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: A Direct Droplet Digital PCR Method for E. coli Host Residual DNA Quantification

    AUTHORS: Jeremy Anderson, Musaddeq Hussain

    KEYWORDS: E. coli Host, Host Residual DNA, Droplet Digital PCR, Direct Method, Biologic Drugs, Injectable Drug

    JOURNAL NAME: Pharmacology & Pharmacy, Vol.9 No.4, April 30, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Injectable drugs manufactured in E. coli must be tested for host residual DNA (hr DNA) impurity in ensuring drug purity and safety. Because of low allowable hr DNA as impurity, highly sensitive methods are needed. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) is a new method where the reaction is partitioned into about 20,000 nanoliter-sized droplets and each droplet acts as individual PCR reaction. After completion of end-point PCR, droplets are analyzed for fluorescence and categorized as positive or negative and DNA quantified using Poisson statistics. Here we describe development of a direct E. coli hr DNA dd PCR method where the drug is directly added to the ddPCR reaction. We show that the ddPCR method has acceptable precision and high accuracy, works with different biologic drugs, and compared to qPCR shows higher tolerance of drug matrices. The method does not require DNA extraction or standard curves for quantification of hr DNA in unknown samples.