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Koum, D.K., Tsakeu, E.N.D., Sack, F.N., Ngalagou, P.T.M., Kamanyi, A. and Mandengue, S.H. (2014) Aspects cliniques et biologiques des anémies pédiatriques dans un hopital de District urbain au Cameroun. Pan African Medical Journal, 16, 1-6.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Epidemiology of Anemia at the Internal Medicine Department in Borgou Departmental Hospital Center (DHC) in Parakou (Benin)

    AUTHORS: Comlan Albert Dovonou, Adébayo Alassani, Cossi Angelo Attinsounon, Serge Ade, Kadidjatou Sake, Jivaterd Degla, Séraphin Ahoui, Moïse Adegbindin, Prosper Gandaho, Djimon Marcel Zannou, Fabien Houngbe, Isidore Zohoun

    KEYWORDS: Anemia, Internal Medicine, Parakou

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Internal Medicine, Vol.8 No.2, April 3, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Objective: To describe clinical and biological characteristics of anemia in the Internal Medicine department of Borgou Departmental Hospital Center (DHC). Methods: This was a transversal and descriptive study for an analytic purpose. All patients hospitalized in the Internal Medicine department of Borgou DHC who had a hemogram for their care were included in the study. Anemia was defined as a hemoglobin level lower than 12 g/dL for men and lower than 11.5 g/dL for women. Results: Frequency of anemia was 61.8% (76 of 123 patients). Anemia was moderate in 47.4% of the cases and severe in 27.6% of the cases. Basing on the mean corpuscular volume, microcytic anemia accounted for 36.8%, anemia was normocytic in 46.1% and macrocytic in 17.1% of cases. According to the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, normochromic anemia accounted for 81.6% of the series and hypochromic in 18.4%. The most common pathologies found in anemic patients came from digestive origin (17%), the renal causes were also found in 17% of the cases. Cardiac pathologies were responsible for anemia in 13% of cases. Malaria and pulmonary pathologies were responsible for anemia in respectively 12% and 9%. The main factors associated with anemia were young age (young adult) and neurological pathologies. Conclusion: Anemia hospital prevalence is very high in the Internal Medicine Department of Borgou DHC. Awareness of populations and practitioners for the early management of various pathologies which provide anemia could improve this presentation.