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Adoubi, K.A., Diby, F., Ouattara, I., Ouattara, P., Gnaba, A., Meneas, C., et al. (2014) Urgences cardiovasculaires au CHU de Bouake: aspects épidémiologiques, cliniques et évolutifsde 2011 à 2014. Cote d’ivoire.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Clinical Presentations and Outcome of Cardiovascular Emergencies in Yaounde: A Cross-Sectional Study

    AUTHORS: Ba Hamadou, Yaya Toure Kalissou, Ahmadou Musa Jingi, Sylvie Ndongo Amougou, Sandrine Edie Dikosso, Rodrigue Njouoguep, Samuel Kingue

    KEYWORDS: Cardiovascular Emergencies, Ischemic Stroke, Hemorrhagic Stroke, Cameroon

    JOURNAL NAME: World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, Vol.8 No.2, February 12, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Background: Cardiovascular emergencies have become a public health problem with a high burden in low-income settings. This is due to the high rates of cardiovascular risk factors that are fast reaching epidemicproportions. There is paucity of data on cardiovascular emergencies to guide repost strategies in our setting. Our aim was to determine the clinical presentation and outcome of cardiovascular emergencies at Yaounde Emergency Center.Methods: We carried out this cross-sectional study between June 2015 and May 2017. We included all patients with confirmed cardiovascular emergency. We consecutively collected data on socio-demography, symptoms on admission, past history, clinical findings, and final diagnosis at discharge or in the event of death. Results: Of the 8285 patients admitted for medical emergencies, 388 (4.7%) were cardiovascular emergencies. Their mean age was 59.5 ± 13.8 years, and 59% were males. The Medical Emergency Aid Service was the means of transporting 4% of patients. The median time of arrival at the hospital was 48 hours. Symptoms on admission were mainly weakness of a limb (43.8%), and altered consciousness (33.5%). The most common cardiovascular emergencies were ischemic stroke (30.9%), hypertensive emergency (21.4%), and hemorrhagic stroke (16.5%). The most common comorbidity was diabetes (21.9%). The death rate in the 24 - 72 hours was 14.4%. The causes of death were hypertensive emergency (35.7%), and hemorrhagic stroke (30.3%). Conclusion: Stroke and hypertensive emergency were the most frequent cardiovascular emergencies. The early mortality was high. Hemorrhagic stroke and hypertensive emergencies accounted for most cases of death.