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Zanaboni, L. and Fasoli, A. (1981) Influence of Two Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs on Lipolysis and on Lipolysis and on Plasma Post-Heparin Lipoprotein Lipase Activity in Normal Man. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 20, 263-267.
ABSTRACT: This work aimed to find the effect of cranberry extract (75 and 150 mg/kg·b·w) and vit. C (1 g/kg·b·w orally) on renal toxicity induced by Diclofenac sodium in male albino rats. Treated rats with diclofenac sodium with a concentration 150 mg/kg·b·w, expressed a significant increase in several parameters includes, plasma total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride as well as renal nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNF-α) and TBARS. In addition, a significant reduction in renal superoxide dismutase (SOD), GSH, catalase (CAT) and plasma HDL. The present results explain that, using cranberry extract and vit. C resulted in increasing the level of GSH, CAT and SOD as well as gene expression of renal SOD, CAT and IL-22 and reduce the level of TBARs significantly which led to preventing renal tissue damage. Our results also revealed that cranberry extract can protect DNA from damage as obtained from comet essay. TM-U was elevated in DCLF treated group when compared with normal. However cranberry extract was able to reduce this elevation in dose dependant manner. Histological features in H&E taken to different groups also mirrors this findings. DCLF causes many changes in renal tissue include infiltration by inflammatory cells, attenuated glomeruli, apoptosis in tubular epithelia.