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Hoyle, F., Burbidge, G. and Narlikar, J. (2001) A Different Approach to Cosmology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: CMB—A Geometric, Lorentz Invariant Model in Non-Expanding Lobachevskian Universe with a Black Body Spectral Distribution Function

    AUTHORS: J. Georg von Brzeski, Vadim von Brzeski

    KEYWORDS: CMB, Cosmological Redshift, Non-Expanding Universe, Hyperbolic Geometry, Horospherical Electromagnetic Waves, Hubble’s Error

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Modern Physics, Vol.8 No.13, December 8, 2017

    ABSTRACT: In the present paper, based on Lobachevskian (hyperbolic) static geometry, we present (as an alternative to the existing Big Bang model of CMB) a geometric model of CMB in a Lobachevskian static universe as a homogeneous space of horospheres. It is shown that from the point of view of physics, a horosphere is an electromagnetic wavefront in Lobachevskian space. The presented model of CMB is an Lorentz invariant object, possesses observable properties of isotropy and homogeneity for all observers scattered across the Lobachevskian universe, and has a black body spectrum. The Lorentz invariance of CMB implies a mathematical equation for cosmological redshift for all z. The global picture of CMB, described solely in terms of the Lorentz group—SL(2C), is an infinite union of double sided quotient spaces (double fibration of the Lorentz group) taken over all parabolic stabilizers P⊂SL(2C). The local picture of CMB (as seen by us from Earth) is a Grassmannian space of an infinite union all horospheres containing origin o∈L3, equivalent to a projective plane RP2. The space of electromagnetic wavefronts has a natural identification with the boundary at infinity (an absolute) of Lobachevskian universe. In this way, it is possible to regard the CMB as a reference at infinity (an absolute reference) and consequently to define an absolute motion and absolute rest with respect to CMB, viewed as an infinitely remote reference.