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Giancarli, L.M., et al. (2012) Overview of the ITER TBM Program. Fusion Engineering and Design, 87, 395-402.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2011.11.005

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Development of Diagnostics for High-Temperature High-Pressure Liquid Pb-16Li Applications

    AUTHORS: Abhishek Saraswat, Srikanta Sahu, T. Srinivas Rao, Ashokkumar Prajapati, Shrikant Verma, Sandeep Gupta, Mritunjay Kumar, Rajendraprasad Bhattacharyay, Partha Das

    KEYWORDS: Sensor, Lead-Lithium, Liquid Metal, Fusion Blanket

    JOURNAL NAME: World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, Vol.7 No.4, October 20, 2017

    ABSTRACT: Liquid lead-lithium (Pb-16Li) is of primary interest as one of the candidate materials for tritium breeder, neutron multiplier and coolant fluid in liquid metal blanket concepts relevant to fusion power plants. For an effective and reliable operation of such high temperature liquid metal systems, monitoring and control of critical process parameters is essential. However, limited operational experience coupled with high temperature operating conditions and corrosive nature of Pb-16Li severely limited application of commercially available diagnostic tools. This paper illustrates indigenous calibration test facility designs and experimental methods used to develop non-contact configuration level diagnostics using pulse radar level sensor, wetted configuration pressure diagnostics using diaphragm seal type pressure sensor and bulk temperature diagnostics with temperature profiling for high temperature, high pressure liquid Pb and Pb-16Li applications. Calibration check of these sensors was performed using analytical methods, at temperature between 380°C - 400°C and pressure upto 1 MPa (g). Reliability and performance validation were achieved through long duration testing of sensors in liquid Pb and liquid Pb-16Li environment for over 1000 hour. Estimated deviation for radar level sensor lies within [−3.36 mm, +13.64 mm] and the estimated error for pressure sensor lies within 1.1% of calibrated span over the entire test duration. Results obtained and critical observations from these tests are presented in this paper.