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Hawking, S. (2001) The Universe in a Nutshell. Bantam Press, New York.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Black Holes and the Nature of the Expansion of the Universe

    AUTHORS: Paul Smeulders

    KEYWORDS: Expansion of Universe, Black Holes, Speed of Light, Big Bang

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Modern Physics, Vol.7 No.9, May 24, 2016

    ABSTRACT: Black Holes absorb matter and because matter has structure in space and time, Black Holes absorb the grid points of space and time. It is this property that creates a void for the remaining visible space-time to expand into. This expansion is roughly proportional to the density of the black holes in space and this, because also time is expanding, leads to an apparent exponential expansion for the observer, who is unaware of this. Further the Quantum Mechanical effects: the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and the Tunnelling of particles lead to a flow of matter from the present time into the past. The red-shift is thus not just a sign of an expanding universe but also (and perhaps all of it) that of matter hurling down into the black holes.