8 MeV Electron Induced Changes in Structural and Thermal Properties of Lexan Polycarbonate
K. Hareesh, Ganesh Sanjeev
DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.211224   PDF    HTML     5,498 Downloads   9,087 Views   Citations


Lexan polycarbonate films were irradiated by 8MeV electron beam at different fluences and characterized using X-ray Diffractogram (XRD), UV-Visible spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). The structural parameters such as degree of crystallinity and crystallite size were found to decrease after irradiation due to chain-scission. he UV-Visible spectroscopic study show the formation of chromophore groups upon irradiation and was reduced at larger wavelength. FTIR Study shows the carbonate linkage was found to be the radiation-sensitive linkage and benzene ring does not undergo any changes after irradiation. The DSC studies showed a decrease in glass transition temperature and heat of fusion after irradiation due to chain-scission which indicates polymer was moving towards more disordered state. Thermal decomposition temperature of Lexan polycarbonate increases upon irradiation.

Share and Cite:

K. Hareesh and G. Sanjeev, "8 MeV Electron Induced Changes in Structural and Thermal Properties of Lexan Polycarbonate," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 11, 2011, pp. 1682-1687. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.211224.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] R. L. Clough, “High-Energy Radiation and Polymers: A Review of Commercial Processes and Emerging Applica- tions,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Re- search B, Vol. 184, No. 1-8, 2001, pp. 8-33. doi:10.1016/S0168-583X(01)00966-1
[2] M. R. Cleland, L. A. Parks and S. Cheng, “Applications for Radiation Processing of Materials,” Nuclear Instru- ments and Methods in Physics Research B, Vol. 208, 2005, pp. 66-73. doi:10.1016/S0168-583X(03)00655-4
[3] Andrzej G. Chmielewski, M. Haji-Saeid and S. Ahmed, “Progress in Radiation Processing of Polymers,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, Vol. 236, No. 1-4, 2005, pp. 44-55. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2005.03.247
[4] A. Chapiro, “General Consideration of the Radiation Chemistry of Polymers,” Nuclear Instruments and Meth- ods in Physics Research B, Vol. 105, No. 1-4, 2005, pp. 5-7. doi:10.1016/0168-583X(95)00861-6
[5] Sangappa, T. Demappa, Mahadevaiah, S. Ganesha, S. Divakara, M. Pattabi and R. Somashekar, “Physical and Thermal Properties of 8 MeV Electron Beam Irradiated HPMC Polymer Films,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, Vol. 266, No. 18, 2008, pp. 3975-3980. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2008.06.021
[6] A. Harisha, V. Ravindrachary, R. F. Bhajantri, Ismayil, G. Sanjeev, B. Poojary, D. Dutta and P. K. Pujari, “Electron Irradiation Induced Microstructural Modifications in BaCl2 Doped PVA: A Positron Annihilation Study,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 93, No. 8, 2008, pp. 1554-1563. doi:10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2008.05.003
[7] A. Rivaton and J. Arnold, “Structural Modifications of Polymers under the Impact of Fast Neutrons,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 93, No. 10, 2008, pp. 1864-1868. doi:10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2008.07.015
[8] S. Shah, A. Qureshi, N. L. Singh, P. K. Kulriya, K. P. Singh and D. K. Avasthi, “Structural and Chemical Modification of Polymer Composite by Proton Irradia- tion,” Surface & Coatings Technology, Vol. 203, No. 17-18, 2009, pp. 2595-2599. doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2009.02.052
[9] R. C. Ramola, S. Chandra, A. Negi, J. M. S. Rana, S. Annapoorni, R. G. Sonkawade, P. K. Kulriya and A. Srivastava, “Study of Optical Band Gap, Carbonaceous Clusters and Structuring in CR-39 and PET Polymers Irradiated by 100MeV O7+ Ions,” Physics B, Vol. 404, No. 1, 2009, pp. 26-30.doi:10.1016/j.physb.2008.09.033
[10] G. M. Wallner, W. Platzer and R. W. Lang, “Structure- Property Correlations of Polymeric Films for Transparent Insulation Wall Applications. Part 2: Infrared Optical Pro- perties,” Solar Energy, Vol. 79, No. 6, 2005, pp. 593-602. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2005.05.007
[11] L. Calcagno, G. Compagnini and G. Foti, “Structural Modification of Polymer Films by Ion Irradiation,” Nu- clear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, Vol. 65, No. 1-4, 1992, pp. 413-422. doi:10.1016/0168-583X(92)95077-5
[12] D. Sinha and K. K. Dwivedi, “Radiation-Induced Modi- fication on Thermal Properties of Different Nuclear Track Detectors,” Radiation Measurements, Vol. 36, No. 1-6, 2003, pp. 713-718. doi:10.1016/S1350-4487(03)00232-4
[13] R. Navarro-Gonzalez, P. Coll and R. Aliev, “Pyrolysis of ?-Irradiated Bisphenol-A Polycarbonate,” Polymer Bulletin, Vol. 48, No. 1, 2002, pp. 43-51. doi:10.1007/s00289-002-0004-4
[14] A. Qureshi, N. L. Singh, A. K. Rakshit, F. Singh and D. K. Avasthi, “Swift Heavy Ion Induced Modification in Polyimide Films,” Surface & Coatings Technology, Vol. 201, No. 19-20, 2007, pp. 8308-8311. doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2006.10.055
[15] E. Balanzt, N. Betz and S. Bouffard, “Swift Heavy Ion Modification of Polymers,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, Vol. 105, No. 1-4, 1995, pp. 46-54. doi:10.1016/0168-583X(95)00521-8
[16] J. Jagielski, A. Turos, D. Bielinski, A. M. Abdul-Kader and A. Piatkowska, “Ion-Beam Modified Polymers for Biomedical Applications,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, Vol. 261, No. 1-2, 2007, pp. 690-693. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2007.03.021
[17] D. Fink, P. S. Alegaonkar, A. V. Petrov, M. Wilhelm, P. Szimkowiak, M. Behar, D. Sinha, W. R. Fahrner, K. Hoppe and L. T. Chadderton, “High Energy Ion Beam Ir- radiation of Polymers for Electronic Applications,” Nu- clear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, Vol. 236, No. 1-4, 2005, pp. 11-20. doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2005.03.243
[18] J. Y. J. Chung, “Stabilization of Gamma-Irradiated Polycarbonate,” Medical Plastics and Biomaterials Magazine Technical paper series, 1997.
[19] S. Singh and S. Prasher, “The Optical, Chemical and Spectral Response of Gamma-Irradiated Lexan Polymeric Track Recorder,” Radiation Measurements, Vol. 40, No. 1, 2005, pp. 50-54. doi:10.1016/j.radmeas.2004.11.005
[20] B. Jaleh, P. Parvin, N. Sheikh, M. Hajivaliei and E. Hasani, “Surface Modification of Lexan Treated by RF Plasma,” Surface & Coatings Technology, Vol. 203, No. 17-18, 2009, pp. 2759-762. doi:10.1016/j.surfcoat.2009.02.133
[21] Ganesh, K. C. Prashanth, Y. N. Nagesha, A. P. Gnana Prakash, D. Umakanth, M. Pattabi, K. Siddappa, S. Salkalachen and A. Roy, “Modification of Power Diode Characteristics Using Bremsstrahlung Radiation from Microtron,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 55, No. 4, 1999, pp. 461-464. doi:10.1016/S0969-806X(99)00268-6
[22] K. D. Pae, S. K. Bhateja and J. R. Gilbert, “Increase in Crystallinity of Poly (Vinylidene Fluoride) by Electron Beam Radiation,” Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol. 25, No. 4, 1987, pp. 717-722. doi:10.1002/polb.1987.090250402
[23] Y. Rosenberg, A. Siegmann, M. Narkis and S. Shkolnik, “Low Dose ?-Irradiation of Some Fluoropolymers: Effect of Polymer Chemical Structure,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 45, No. 5, 1992, pp. 783-795. doi:10.1002/app.1992.070450504
[24] B. Jasinska, A. L. Dawidowicz and S. Pikus, “Application of Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy in Studies of Crystallization Processes,” Physical Chemistry Che- mical Physics, Vol. 5, 2003, pp. 3289-3293. doi:10.1039/b304588a
[25] L. Relleve, N. Nagasawa, L. Q. Luan, T. Yagi, C. Aranilla, L. Abad, T. Kume, F. Yoshii and A. dela Rosa, “Degradation of Carrageenan by Radiation,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 87, No. 3, 2005, pp. 403-410. doi:10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2004.09.003
[26] D. Sinha, T. Swu, S. P. Tripathy, R. Mishra, K. K. Dwivedi and D. Fink, “Spectroscopic and Thermal Stud- ies of Gamma Irradiated Polypropylene Polymer,” Radia- tion Effects and Defects in Solids, Vol. 158, No. 7, 2003, pp. 531-537. doi:10.1080/1042015031000074101
[27] G. Aruldhas, “Molecular Structure and Spectroscopy,” Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi, 2004.
[28] R. Mishra, S. P. Tripathy, D. Fink and K. K. Dwivedi, “Activation Energy of Thermal Decomposition of Proton Irradiated Polymers,” Radiation Measurements, Vol. 40, No. 2-6, 2005, pp. 754-57. doi:10.1016/j.radmeas.2005.02.022

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.