Lime-Barium and Lime-Zinc Raw Glazes with Raw Materials from Tanzania and Cameroon
U. Chinje Melo, Ndigui Billong, E. C. Kimaro
DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.210188   PDF    HTML     4,603 Downloads   7,634 Views   Citations


In the paper, the lime-barium and lime-zinc glazes used in Southern and Eastern Africa Mineral Center (SEAMIC) ceramic unit in Tanzania were investigated for the production of high temperature raw glazes in Cameroon. The base Seger formula used was 0.3KNaO, 0.3CaO, 0.4ZnO or BaO; xAl2O3 and ySiO2. Different Al2O3/SiO2 formula ratios for glossy and matt glazes were tested with raw materials from Cameroon and Tanzania. In the Cameroonian glazes, a local pegmatite (quartz, microcline, albite) with low coloured oxides replaced an albitic feldspar in the Tanzanian glazes. The other materials were kaolin, limestone, silica and barium carbonate or zinc oxide. The glazes were tested at Seger Cone 7 (1240℃) on stoneware slabs (made up of the same feldspathic glaze material: 18%, silica sand or quartz 27%, ball clay 40% and kaolin 15%) from both Tanzania and Cameroon materials. From results obtained, zinc oxide acted as a more vigorous flux than barium carbonate at cone 7, which is obvious in the glazes with pegmatite (with high quartz content). At a Seger formula of Al2O3/SiO21:10, transparent glazes were obtained. In these glazes the alumina content was lower and when increased to higher Seger ratios 1:4.7 - 8.7, the gloss was lowered to matt-luster due to fine crystal formation.

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U. Melo, N. Billong and E. Kimaro, "Lime-Barium and Lime-Zinc Raw Glazes with Raw Materials from Tanzania and Cameroon," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 10, 2011, pp. 1392-1398. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.210188.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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