The Utility of MMPI-2 Scores with a Correctional Population & Convicted Sex Offenders
Brianna Leigh Grover
DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.26098   PDF    HTML     7,445 Downloads   12,794 Views   Citations


The MMPI-2 is a widely used objective personality measure across all settings. It is especially useful in correctional settings due to its objectivity with standardized administration and scoring This helps aid many factors including volume, legal accountability, the nature of the clientele, and the need for security. Since assessments provide very useful information about prisoners for correctional staff, these factors make the MMPI-2 a very valuable test to use in prison. Studies have found no significant differences between African Americans and Caucasians, however have found subtle differences between MMPI-2 scores of males and female offenders. One specific area the MMPI-2 has been used for in prison is with sex offenders. Previous studies have aimed to use the MMPI-2 to identify high and low risk sex offenders, as well as differentiate between general sex offenders and internet sex offenders. Not only has it been used to identify certain sex offenders, it has been used in examining the predictors of completion of sex offender treatment programs.

Share and Cite:

Grover, B. (2011). The Utility of MMPI-2 Scores with a Correctional Population & Convicted Sex Offenders. Psychology, 2, 638-642. doi: 10.4236/psych.2011.26098.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] American Association for Correctional Psychology, Standards Committee (2000). Standards for psychological services in jails, prisons, correctional facilities, and agencies. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 27, 433-494.
[2] Anno, B. J. (1991). Prison health care: Guidelines for the management of an adequate delivery system. Chicago: National Commission on Correctional Health Care.
[3] Ben-Porath, Y. S., Shondrick, D. D., & Stafford, K. P. (1995). MMPI-2 and race in a forensic diagnostic sample. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 22, 19-32.
[4] Butcher, J. N. (2006). Pathways to MMPI-2 use: A practitioner’s guide to test usage in diverse settings. MMPI-2: A practitioner’s guide (pp. 3-13). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
[5] Coxe, R., & Holmes, W. (2009). A comparative study of two groups of sex offenders identified as high and low risk on the static-99. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse: Research, Treatment, & Program Innovations for Victims, Survivors, & Offenders, 18, 137-153. doi:10.1080/10538710902743925
[6] Davis, K. M., & Archer, R. P. (2010). A critical review of objective personality inventories with sex offenders. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 66, 1254-1280. doi:10.1002/jclp.20722
[7] Geer, T. M., Becker, J. V., Gray, S. R., & Krauss, D. (2001). Predictors of treatment completion in a correctional sex offender treatment program. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Com- parative Criminology, 45, 302-313.
[8] Graham, J. R. (2006). MMPI-2: Assessing personality and psychopa- thology (4th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
[9] Harkness, A. R., & McNulty, J. L. (2006). An overview of personality: Using the MMPI-2 personality psychopathology five (psy-5) scales. MMPI-2: A practitioner’s guide (pp. 73-97). Washington, DC: Ame- rican Psychological Association.
[10] Heilbrun, K., & Heilbrun, A. (1995). Risk assessment with MMPI-2 in forensic evaluations. In Y.S. Ben-Porath, J. R. Graham, G. C. N. Hall, R. D. Hirschman, & M. S. Zaragoza (Eds.), Forensic applications of MMPI-2 (pp. 160-178). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
[11] Megargee, E. I. (2006). Use of the MMPI-2 in correctional settings. MMPI-2: A practitioner's guide (pp. 327-360). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
[12] Megargee, E. I., Carbonell, J. L., Bohn, M. B., Jr., & Sliger (2001). Classifying criminal offenders with the MMPI-2: The Megargee system. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
[13] Megargee, E. I., Mercer, S. J., & Carbonell, J. L. (1999). MMPI-2 with male and female state and federal prison inmates. Psychological Assessment, 11(2), 177-185. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.11.2.177
[14] Miner, M. H., Marques, J. K., Day, D. M., & Nelson, C. (1990). Impact of relapse prevention in treating sex offenders: Preliminary findings. Annals of Sex Research, 3, 165-185. doi:10.1007/BF00850869
[15] Panton, J. H. (1978). Personality differences appearing between rapists of adults, rapists of children and non-violent sexual molesters of female children. Research Communications in Psychology, Psychiatry & Behavior, 3(4), 385-393.
[16] Pope, K. S., Butcher, J. N., & Seelen, J. (2000). The MMPI, MMPI-2, and MMPI-A in court: A practical guide for expert witness and attorneys (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Asso- ciation.
[17] Tomak, S., Weschler, F. S., Ghahramanlou-Holloway, M., Virden, T., & Nademin, M. E. (2009). An empirical study of the personality characteristics of internet sex offenders. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 15, 139-148. doi:10.1080/13552600902823063
[18] West, H. C. (2010). Prisoners at yearend 2009- advanced counts. Retrieved January 29, 2011 from US Bureau of Justice Statistics, Washington, DC.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.