A Study on Preparation and Use of Nano Poly Pyrrole and Nano Poly (3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene) Coated Glassy Carbon Electrode For The Determination of Antihistamine in Pharmaceutical and Urine Sample


Pheniramine maleate (PA), an antihistamine, was determined by Differential Pulse Stripping voltammetry using nano polypyrrole (Ppy) and nano poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) modified glassy carbon electrodes. The cyclic voltammetric behavior of pheniramine was studied in aqueous acidic, neutral and alkaline conditions. One well-defined oxidation peak was observed in the cyclic voltammograms at all pHs. The influence of pH, scan rate and concentration revealed irreversible electron transfer and the oxidation was diffusion controlled adsorption. The SEM analysis confirmed good accumulation of PA on the electrode surface. A systematic study of influence of various experimental parameters that affect the stripping voltammetric response was carried out and the maximum peak current conditions were arrived at. Calibration was made under maximum peak current conditions. The range of study was 0.05 to 0.4 μg/mL on Ppy/GCE and 0.025 to 0.4μg/mL on PEDOT/GCE and the lower limit of determination were 0.035μg/mL on Ppy/GCE and 0.016μg/mL on PEDOT/GCE. The suitability of the method for the determination of PA in pharmaceutical preparations and urine samples was also ascertained.

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Muralidharan, B. , Gopu, G. , Laya, S. , Vedhi, C. and Manisankar, P. (2011) A Study on Preparation and Use of Nano Poly Pyrrole and Nano Poly (3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene) Coated Glassy Carbon Electrode For The Determination of Antihistamine in Pharmaceutical and Urine Sample. Materials Sciences and Applications, 2, 957-963. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.28128.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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