ANN Based Model for Estimation of Transformation Hardening of AISI 4340 Steel Plate Heat-Treated by Laser


Quality assessment and prediction becomes one of the most critical requirements for improving reliability, efficiency and safety of laser surface transformation hardening process (LSTHP). Accurate and efficient model to perform non-destructive quality estimation is an essential part of the assessment. This paper presents a structured and comprehensive approach developed to design an effective artificial neural network (ANN) based model for quality estimation and prediction in LSTHP using a commercial 3 kW Nd:Yag laser. The proposed approach examines laser hardening parameters and conditions known to have an influence on performance characteristics of hardened surface such as hardened bead width (HBW) and hardened depth (HD) and builds a quality prediction model step by step. The modeling procedure begins by examining, through a structured experimental investigations and exhaustive 3D finite element method simulation efforts, the relationships between laser hardening parameters and characteristics of hardened surface and their sensitivity to the process conditions. Using these results and various statistical tools, different quality prediction models are developed and evaluated. The results demonstrate that the ANN based assessment and prediction proposed approach can effectively lead to a consistent model able to accurately and reliably provide an appropriate prediction of hardened surface characteristics under variable hardening parameters and conditions.

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Billaud, G. , Ouafi, A. and Barka, N. (2015) ANN Based Model for Estimation of Transformation Hardening of AISI 4340 Steel Plate Heat-Treated by Laser. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 978-994. doi: 10.4236/msa.2015.611098.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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