Combustion and Ball Milled Synthesis of Rare Earth Nano-Sized Ceria Powder
Ranjan Sen, Siddhartha Das, Karabi Das
DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.25054   PDF    HTML     6,961 Downloads   11,797 Views   Citations


This paper reports a study on nanocrystalline ceria powder prepared by high energy ball-milling and combustion synthesis methods. The combustion synthesis was carried out using ceric ammonium nitrate as oxidizer and citric acid, glycine or citric acid plus glycine as fuel. The minimum crystallite size of ceria powder is obtained by combustion synthesis of ceric ammonium nitrate and citric acid. The ceria powder produced by combustion synthesis of ceric ammonium nitrate and citric acid and glycine has less agglomeration of particles than other techniques.

Share and Cite:

R. Sen, S. Das and K. Das, "Combustion and Ball Milled Synthesis of Rare Earth Nano-Sized Ceria Powder," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 5, 2011, pp. 416-420. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.25054.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] J. Sergeant and A. Bakhshai, “Nano-Composites and Mechanical Alloying via the Ball Milling Technique,” Proceedings of The National Conference On Undergraduate Research (NCUR) 2006, University of North Carolina Ashville, Ashville, 6-8 April, 2006. doi:10.1023/A:1008820605197
[2] W. Zhu, O. K. Tan and J. Z. Jiang, “A New Model and Gas Sensitivity of Non-Equilibrium xSnO2-(1–x)α-Fe2O3 Nano-Powders Prepared by Mechanical Alloying,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 9, 1998, pp. 275-278. doi:10.1016/S0925-4005(01)00748-1
[3] W. Cao, O. K. Tan, W. Zhu, B. Jiang and C. V. G. Reddy, “An Amorphous-Like x?-Fe2O3-(1-x)ZrO2 Solid Solution System for Low Temperature Resistive-Type Oxygen Sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Vol. 77, No. 1-2, 2001, pp. 421-426.
[4] O. K. Tan, W. Cao, W. Zhu, J. W. Chai and J. S. Pan, “Ethanol Sensors Based on Nano-Sized ?-Fe2O3 with SnO2, ZrO2, TiO2 Solid Solutions,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Vol. 93, No. 1-3, 2003, pp. 396-401. doi:10.1016/S0925-4005(03)00191-6
[5] C. V. G. Reddy, W. Cao, O. K. Tan, W. Zhu and S. A. Akbar, “Preparation of Fe2O3(0.9)–SnO2(0.1) by Hydrazine Method: Application as an Alcohol Sensor,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Vol. 94, No. 1, 2003, pp. 99-102.
[6] L. B. Kong, W. Zhu and O. K. Tan, “Preparation and Characterization of Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 Ceramics from High-Energy Ball Milling Powders,” Materials Letters, Vol. 42, No. 4, 2000, pp. 232-239. doi:10.1016/S0167-577X(99)00190-1
[7] Y. Hu, O. K. Tan, J. S. Pan and X. Yao, “A New Form of Nanosized SrTiO3 Material for Near-Human-Body Temperature Oxygen Sensing Applications,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 108, No. 26, 2004, pp. 11214-11218. doi:10.1021/jp048973z
[8] Y. Kanno, “Properties of SiC, Si3N4 and SaO2 Ceramic Powders Produced by Vibration Ball Milling,” Powder Technology, Vol. 44, 1985, pp. 93-97. doi:10.1016/0032-5910(85)85027-0
[9] J. J. Moore and H. J. Feng, “Combustion Synthesis of Advanced Materials: Part I. Reaction Parameters,” Progress in Materials Science, Vol. 39, No. 4-5, 1995, pp. 243-273. doi:10.1016/0079-6425(94)00011-5
[10] J. A. Pask, X. W. Zhang, A. P. Tomsia and B. E. Yoldas, “Effect of Sol-Gel Mixing on Mullite Microstructure and Phase Equilibria in the ?-Al2O3-SiO2 System,’’ Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 70, No. 10, 1987, pp. 704-707. doi:10.1111/j.1151-2916.1987.tb04867.x

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.