Resource Allocation and Beamforming Algorithm Based on Interference Avoidance Approach for Device-to-Device Communication Underlaying LTE Cellular Network


In this work, we consider device-to-device (D2D) direct communication underlaying a 3GPP LTE-A network. D2D communication enables new service opportunities, provides high throughput and reliable communication while reducing the base station load. For better total performance, D2D links and cellular links share the same radio resource and the management of interference becomes a crucial task. We propose a radio resource allocation for D2D links based on interference avoidance approach. For system with multiple transmit antennas, we apply beamforming technique based on signal to leakage criterion to reduce the co-channel interference. The results show that, D2D transmission with the resource allocation and beamforming technique provides significant gain compared to that of the regular cellular network.

Share and Cite:

Han, H. , Zhu, C. , Viorel, D. and Ito, A. (2013) Resource Allocation and Beamforming Algorithm Based on Interference Avoidance Approach for Device-to-Device Communication Underlaying LTE Cellular Network. Communications and Network, 5, 367-373. doi: 10.4236/cn.2013.53B2067.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] TS 36.211-Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical channels and modulation (Release 11), 3GPP Std.
[2] Telecommunications and Information Exchange between Systems-Local and Metropolitan Area Networks- Specific Requirements Part 15.1: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs), IEEE Std.
[3] S. Huang, X. Liu and Z. Ding, “Opportunistic Spectrum Access in Cognitive Radio Networks,” in INFOCOM 2008, the 27th Conference on Computer Communications, IEEE, 2008, pp. 1427-1435.
[4] P. Jänis, C.-H. Yu, K. Doppler, C. Ribeiro, C. Wijting, K. Hugl, O. Tirkkonen and V. Koivunen, “Device-to-device Communication Underlaying Cellular Communications Systems,” International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2009, pp. 169-178. doi:10.4236/ijcns.2009.23019
[5] P. Liu, C. Hu, T. Peng, R. Qian and W. Wang, “Admission and Power Control for Device-to-device Links with Quality of Service Protection in Spectrum Sharing Hybrid Network,” in Proc. IEEE 23rd Int Personal Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC) Symp., 2012, pp. 1192-1197.
[6] C.-H. Yu, O. Tirkkonen, K. Doppler and C. Ribeiro, “Power Optimization of Device-to-device Communication Underlaying Cellular Communication,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Communications, 2009, pp.1-5.
[7] H. Xing and S. Hakola, “The Investigation of Power Control Schemes for a Device-to-device Communication Integrated into OFDMA Cellular System,” in Proc. IEEE 21st Int Personal Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC) Symp., 2010, pp. 1775-1780.
[8] H. Min, J. Lee, S. Park and D. Hong, “Capacity Enhancement Using An Interference Limited Area for Device-to-device Uplink Underlaying Cellular Networks,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 10, No. 12, 2001, pp. 3995-4000. doi:10.1109/TWC.2011.100611.101684
[9] A. Tarighat, M. Sadek and A. H. Sayed, “A Multi User Beamforming Scheme for Downlink MIMO Channels Based on Maximizing Signal-to-leakage Ratios,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP ’05), Vol. 3, 2005.
[10] J.-H. Lee, S. Kim, S.-R. Jin and D.-J. Park, “A Multi-user Beamforming Scheme in Mimo Downlink Channels for Multi-cell Networks,” in International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE), IEEE, 2011, pp. 587-588.
[11] T. M. Cover and J. A. Thomas, Elements of information theory. New York, Wiley, 1991. doi:10.1002/0471200611
[12] S.-B. Lee, I. Pefkianakis, A. Meyerson, S. Xu and S. Lu, “Proportional Fair Frequency-domain Packet Scheduling for 3GPP LTE Uplink,” in INFOCOM, IEEE, 2009, pp. 2611-2615.
[13] M. Zulhasnine, C. Huang and A. Srinivasan, “Efficient Resource Allocation for Device-to-device Communication Underlaying LTE Network,” in Proc. IEEE 6th Int Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob) Conf., 2010, pp. 368-375.
[14] G. Golub and C. V. Loan, Matrix Computations. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.
[15] TS 36.213-Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical layer procedures (Release 11), 3GPP Std.
[16] TS 36.814 Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); further advancements for E-UTRA physical layer aspects, 3GPP Std.
[17] Propagation Data and Prediction Methods for the Planning of Shortrange Outdoor Radio Communication Systems and Radio Local Area Networks in the Frequency range 300 MHz to 100 GHz, Recommendation ITU-R P.1411-4 Std.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.