Characterization of Pathologic Cries of Newborns Based on Fundamental Frequency Estimation


The majority of the sick babies seem in good health at birth and early diagnosis of the various pathologies that can afflict newborn is crucial. For this reason we introduce in this paper the use of the fundamental frequency and the different modes of cries as Hyper-phonation, phonation and high pitched cries to differentiate the pathological cries from the cries of the healthy babies. The automatic estimation of these characteristics enabled us to establish a quantitative characterization of healthy newborn cries and pathologic newborn cries. The results obtained agree with the spectrographic analysis carried out on the healthy and pathologic cries of the newborns.

Share and Cite:

Kheddache, Y. and Tadj, C. (2013) Characterization of Pathologic Cries of Newborns Based on Fundamental Frequency Estimation. Engineering, 5, 272-276. doi: 10.4236/eng.2013.510B057.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] B. M. Lester and L. L. LaGasse, “Crying,” Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2008, pp. 80-90.
[2] L. L. LaGasse, A. R. Neal and B. M. Lester, “Assessment of Infant Cry: Acoustic Cry Analysis and Parental Perception,” Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2005, pp. 83-93.
[3] A. Verduzco-Mendoza, E. Arch-Tirado, C. A. Garcia and J. L. Ibarra, “Qualitative and Quantitative Crying Analysis of New Born Babies Delivered Under High Risk Gesta-tion,” Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2009, pp. 320- 327.
[4] D. Lederman, “Estimation of Infants’ Cry Fundamental Frequency Using a Modified SIFT Algotithm,” 2010. Eprint arXiv: 1009.2796
[5] C. Manfredi, L. Bocchi, S. Orlandi, L. Spaccaterra and G. P. Donzelli, “High-Resolution Cry Analysis in Preterm Newborn Infants,” Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2009, pp. 528-532.
[6] O. Wasz-Hockert, K. Michelsson and J. Lind “Twenty-Five Years of Scandinavian Cry Research,” Springer, New York, 1985, pp. 83-104.
[7] K. Michelson, K. Eklund, P. Leppanen and H. Lyytinen, “Cry Characteristics of 172 Healthy 1-to-7 Day Old Infants,” Folia Phoniatr Logopaedica, 2002, pp. 190-200.
[8] C. Manfredi, V. Tocchioni and L. Bocchi, “A Robust Tool for Newborn Infant Cry Analysis,” Proceedings 28th IEEE EMBS Annul International Conference, 2006.
[9] J. D. Markel, “The SIFT Algorithm for Fundamental Frequency Estimation,” IEEE Transactions on Audio and Electroacoustics, Vol. 20, No. 5, 1972.
[10] K. Michelson, H. Todd de Barra and O. Michelson, “Sound Spectrographic Cry Analysis and Mothers Perception of Their Infant’s Crying,” Nova Science Publishers, New York, Chapter 2, 2007, pp. 31-64.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.