Carbon Emissions Reduction and Power Losses Saving besides Voltage Profiles Improvement Using Micro Grids
Rashad M. Kamel, Aymen Chaouachi, Ken Nagasaka
DOI: 10.4236/lce.2010.11001   PDF    HTML     5,183 Downloads   10,913 Views   Citations


The objective of this paper is to evaluate the value of enhancement in voltage, amount of emission reduction and amount of power losses saving with using micro grids. The paper is divided in two parts, the first part evaluates the voltage improvement and power losses saving with micro (μ) sources (distributed generators like fuel cell, micro tur-bine, solar cell, wind turbine etc.). The obtained results indicate that using μ sources reduce voltage drop by about 3%, Also, it is found that using μ sources can reduce the power losses to more than one third of its value without using μ sources. The voltage at the buses near the μ sources location will suffer from small drop than the buses far from μ sources locations. The second part calculates amount of CO2, SO2, NOx and particulate matters emissions from main grid and from μ sources which forms micro grid. The results indicates that more penetration of μ sources in the power systems especially the renewable sources (solar and wind) will help in reducing or removing emission problems and solve the green house gas problems. Finally this paper proved with calculations that the micro grid can solve most of the problems which facing the conventional power system and keep the surrounding environment clean from pollution and the micro grid will be the future power system.

Share and Cite:

Kamel, R. , Chaouachi, A. and Nagasaka, K. (2010) Carbon Emissions Reduction and Power Losses Saving besides Voltage Profiles Improvement Using Micro Grids. Low Carbon Economy, 1, 1-7. doi: 10.4236/lce.2010.11001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] EU Project, “MICROGRIDS: Large Scale Integration of Mi-cro-Generation to Low Voltage Grids (ENK5-CT-2002- 00610)”.
[2] R. Lasseter, A. Akhil, C. Marnay, J. Stephens, J. Dagle, R. Guttromson, A. S. Meli-opoulos, R. Yingerand and J. Eto, “White Paper on Intergration of Distributed Energy Resources - The CERTS MicroGrid Concept,” LBNL.50829, U S Department of Energy, Office of Power Technologies, Contract DE-AC03-76SF00098, 2002.
[3] European Research Project MicroGrids. http://microgrids.
[4] D. Pudjianto, E. Zafiropoulos and L. Daoutis, “DG4: Me- thodology for Quan-tifying Economic and Environmental Benefits of MicroGrids,” Microgrids Project deliverable of task DG4, 2005.
[5] R. Billinton, M. Fotuhi-Firuzabad and L. bertling, “Bibliography on the Application of Probability Methods in Power System Reliability Evaluation 1996-1999,” IEEE Power Engineering Review, Vol. 21, No. 8, 2001, p. 56.
[6] S. Papathanassiou, N. Hatziargyriou and K. Strunz, “A Benchmark Low Voltage Mi-crogrid Network,” Proceedings of the CIGRE Symposium: Power Systems with Dispersed Generation, Athens, 2005, pp. 1-8.
[7] A. Tsikalakis, I. Cobelo and J. Oyarzabal, “DC2: Evaluation of the MicroGrid Central Controller Strategies,” Mi-crogrids project deliverable of task DC2, 2004. http://mi-
[8] H. Saadat, “Power System Analysis,” McGraw-Hill Com- panies, New York, 1999.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.