Environmental Standards and Trade Volume
Nicholas Mangee, Bruce Elmslie
DOI: 10.4236/me.2010.12010   PDF    HTML     6,995 Downloads   11,786 Views   Citations


This paper presents a theoretical and empirical analysis of the effects of environmental regulation on bilateral trade volume. We use a gravity model of trade flows and find weak evidence that differences in regulation are a source of comparative advantage. We also find evidence against the racetothebottom hypothesis in that increases in standards in both high and low standard countries increase bilateral trade volume. We use 1999 data on GDP, population, and environmental stringency for 39 countries.

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Mangee, N. and Elmslie, B. (2010) Environmental Standards and Trade Volume. Modern Economy, 1, 100-111. doi: 10.4236/me.2010.12010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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