Influence of Processing Parameters on the Magnetic Properties of Mn-Zn Ferrites


Pure MnO2, ZnO and Fe2O3 were used to prepare a Mn-Zn Ferrite sample of the nominal composition Mn0.64Zn0.29Fe2.07O4. These oxides were mixed firstly for 1hr, and then were milled for 20 and for 40 hrs. The as-mixed and the milled powders were examined by XRD and ME spectroscopy. The investigated samples were further mixed with PVA, granulated, cold pressed and sintered at different temperatures (1000, 1300 and 1400 oC) for 2 hrs and were then reinvestigated again. The magnetic properties of all samples before and after sintering were characterized using VSM at a field of 15 k Oe. When the powder oxides were milled for 20 hrs, detectable diffusion reaction was observed where the centers of all XRD peaks (due to Fe2O3 and MnO2) shifted to higher 2? angles, suggesting that Zn2+ cations had diffused through Fe3+ and/or Mn4+ lattices. The observed increase in the width of the XRD peaks can be attributed to the refinement of the powders by milling. Milling of the powder for 40 hrs resulted in the formation of spinel phase of (Zn, Fe), but MnO2 was disappeared probably due to the formation of amorphous structure. Sintering at 1000, 1300, and 1400 oC resulted in the formation of different spinel (Mn-Zn) ferrites. The ME measurements followed the gradual formation the manganese zinc ferrite until complete formation which observed in the sample that milled for 40 hrs followed by sintering at 1300 oC for two hrs. However, it can be concluded that, the processing conditions of such sample represent are the best conditions for obtaining a soft manganese zinc ferrite (single phase).

Share and Cite:

S. El-Badry, "Influence of Processing Parameters on the Magnetic Properties of Mn-Zn Ferrites," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 10 No. 5, 2011, pp. 397-407. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.105029.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] D. J. Fatemi, V. G. Harris, M. X. Chen, S. K. Malik, W. B. Yelon, . J. Long and A. Mohan, J. Appl. Phys., P. 5172, (1999).
[2] J. S. Jiang, L. Gao, X. L. Yang, J. K. Guo and H. L. Shen, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, P. 6867 (1999)
[3] D. J. Fatemi, V. G. Harris,V. M. Browining and J. P. Kirkland, J. Appl. Phys. 83, p. 6867, (1998)
[4] S. J. Shukla, K. M. Jadhav. And G.K. Bichile, J. Pure Phys. 39, P. 226 (2001).
[5] A. Thakur and M. Singh, Ceram. Int. 29, P. 505 (2003).
[6] A. Verma, T. C. Goel, R. G. Mendiratta, in : Second International Conference on processing Materials for properties, The Mineral, Metal & material Society, P. 493 (2000).
[7] A. Thakur, P. Mathur and M. Singh, J. of Phy. and Chem. Of Solids, (2006).
[8] A. L. Greer, Phil. Mag. B 61, P. 525 (1990).
[9] G. Jain, B. Das, and S.Kumari, IEEE Magn., 16(6), P.1428 (1980).
[10] T. Otsuka, E. Otsuki, and T. Sato, ICF6 (6th Inter. Ceramic Conf.), P.317 (1992).
[11] J. Fan, and F. Sale, IEEE Trans. Magn., 32(5), P. 4854 (1996).
[12] H. J. Fecht, Nanostruct Mater. 1, P. 125 (1992).
[13] H. Gleiter, Nanostruct Mater. 6, P. 3 (1995).
[14] C. Suryanarayana, Prog., Mater. Sci. 46, P.184, (2001).
[15] I. Lin, R. Mishra, and G. Thoma, IEEE Trans. Magn. 22(3), P. 175 (1986).
[16] S. M. Attia, Egypt. J. Solids, 29, No.2, P. 329 (2006).
[17] C. Linu, J. Wu, C. Chen, and M. Tung, J. magn. Magn. Mater., 133, P.478(1994).
[18] J. Xu, J. He and E. Ma, Metall and Mater. Trans., 28A, P, 1969 (1997).
[19] R. A. Dunlap, A. Alghamdi, J. W. O‘Brien and S. J. Penney, J. Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 365, Issues 1-2, P.84 (2004).

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.