Regional Energy Balance and Its Implementation to South Karelia


All EU countries have targets for increasing the use of renewable energy at a national level. However this effort should become concrete at regional and local levels where investments on bioenergy are made. This study introduces a systematical and universally applicable method for constructing regional energy balance. This study focuses on the method how to combine specific regional primary energy sources with their end uses. The primary energy sources include different fuels and the net import of electricity. The energy end uses are heat, electricity and losses. The concept of the regional energy balance was illustrated through a case of South Karelia. The total use of primary energy in South Karelia was 25.2 TWh (or 91 PJ) in 2010 and the share of renewable energy sources was 65%. The regional energy balance analysis can be utilized as a guideline for strategically planning and allocating regional energy sources for example, increasing the use of renewable energy sources. It can provide local decision makers and shareholders about the current status of energy supply, convincing them to take proper actions and consider producing energy at a local and regional level.

Share and Cite:

M. Laihanen, A. Karhunen and T. Ranta, "Regional Energy Balance and Its Implementation to South Karelia," Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems, Vol. 1 No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.4236/jsbs.2011.11001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Statistics Finland, “Energy Supply, Consumption and Prices,” 4th Quarter, Helsinki, 2010, pp. 1-11.
[2] Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Energy Department, “Finland’s National Action Plan for Promoting Energy from Renewable Sources Pursuant to Directive 2009/28/EC”.
[3] E. Ylitalo, “Puupelletit 2010,” In Finnish, Metla—Finnish Forest Research Institute, Statistical Publications Vantaa, 2011.
[4] Finnish Petroleum Federation, “Annual Sale of Petroleum Products in Finland,” Helsinki.
[5] T. Wilhelms, “Energy Year 2010—District Heating,” Finnish Energy Industries, Helsinki.
[6] T. Wilhelms, (Eds.), “District Heating Statistics, 2010,” Finnish Energy Industries, Helsinki.
[7] Metla—Finnish Forest Research Institute, “Harvesting and Transportation of Roundwood,” Statistical Yearbook of Forestry, Vantaa, 2011.
[8] Finnish Energy Industries, “Electricity Consumption by Region, 2010,”
[9] Statistics Finland, “Space Heating by Municipality in Finland, 2010,” Helsinki.
[10] J. Torvelainen, “Pientalojen Polttopuun Kaytto 2007/ 2008,” In Finnish, Finnish Forest Research Institute— Metla, Statistical Publications 26/2009, Helsinki.
[11] Finnish Gas Association, “Use of Natural Gas by Sectors in South Karelia,” Helsinki.
[12] T. Wilhems, “Energy Year 2010—Electricity,” Finnish Energy Industries, Helsinki.
[13] VTT, “LIISA 2007—Database,” In Finnish, LIPASTO Traffic Emission (Calculation System for Traffic Exhaust Emission).
[14] U. Suomi, J. Hietanen and M. Hellgrén, "Yksittaisen Kohteen CO2-Paastojen Laskentaohjeistus ja Kaytettavat CO2-Paastokertoimet,” In Finnish, Motiva Oy, 2004, pp. 8,13.
[15] Statistics Finland, “Energy Use in Manufacturing 2010,” Official Statistics of Finland, Helsinki.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.