Soil Aquifer Treatment as a Tool for Sustainable Groundwater Use in Hanoi/Vietnam
Axel René Fischer, Catalin Stefan, Kay Silabetzschky, Peter Werner, Bui Hoc
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.27100   PDF   HTML     5,187 Downloads   9,095 Views   Citations


Due to the subtropical climate the average annual precipitation in Vietnam is high. Nevertheless it is observed that groundwater levels in the capital Hanoi have decreased dramatically. As a consequence more and more settlements of buildings have been registered since the beginning of the new millennium. Reason for this tremendous impact is the increasing demand of areas and the extensive surface sealing in the course of the industrial development. This paper describes the “state of the art” and the development of sustainable solutions to maintain and even increase the declined groundwater levels in Hanoi.

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A. Fischer, C. Stefan, K. Silabetzschky, P. Werner and B. Hoc, "Soil Aquifer Treatment as a Tool for Sustainable Groundwater Use in Hanoi/Vietnam," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 2 No. 7, 2011, pp. 882-887. doi: 10.4236/jep.2011.27100.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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