Experimental Study on the Flow Characteristics around the Refraction Groyne

DOI: 10.4236/eng.2011.38103   PDF   HTML     4,018 Downloads   7,553 Views   Citations


The refraction groyne is a complex structure consisted with groyne and groyne’s arm. This study conducted a experiment on the flow influences around the refraction groyne due to changes in the arm angle (θ) and length (AL). Results of experiment were analyzed on the impacts of the refraction groyne according to the projection length (L’). Velocity increase in main channel occurred greater the upward groynes than downward groynes. The vortices occurring at recirculation area of the upward and downward refraction groynes were formed in different shapes. The thalweg height did not have great impact vis-a-vis the extended arm length ratio and refraction angle change. The length of the recirculation area showed a gradual uptrend as the arm length of the groyne increased. Such area was formed at the range of 29% - 47%. For the length of the recirculation area, it was observed to be 10.2 - 14.7 times (URG), 8.4 - 12.7 times (DRG), and 10.6 - 13.8 times (right angle groyne) the projection length (L’) incensement.

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J. Kang, H. Yeo and S. Kim, "Experimental Study on the Flow Characteristics around the Refraction Groyne," Engineering, Vol. 3 No. 8, 2011, pp. 842-850. doi: 10.4236/eng.2011.38103.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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