Share This Article:

Application of Statistical Design Strategies to Optimize the Preparation of Cuo Nanoparticles by Hydrothermal Technique

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:310KB) PP. 981-987
DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.28132    5,566 Downloads   9,525 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Synthesis of CuO nanoparticles by hydrothermal technique in presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as surfactant was carried out by statistically designed experiments based on Box Behnken method. Reaction parameters as time, temperature and surfactant concentration have been studied to show their effect on CuO particle size and morphology. The results of experimental design indicate that the surfactant concentration, reaction time and temperature were significant in. CuO particles were characterized using XRD and SEM. These work findings showed that CuO nanoparticles were formed at 100oC. On other hand, their crystallinity was improved with rising temperature from 100 to 200oC to achieve particle size of CuO in the range of 49-92 nm.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

R. Mohamed, I. Mkhalid and E. Azaam, "Application of Statistical Design Strategies to Optimize the Preparation of Cuo Nanoparticles by Hydrothermal Technique," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2011, pp. 981-987. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.28132.

References

[1] B. J. Jin, S. H. Bae, S. Y. Lee and S. Im, “Effects of Native Defects on Optical and Electrical Properties of Zno Prepared by Pulsed Laser Deposition,” Material Science Engeneerig B, Vol. 71, No. 1-3, 2000, pp. 301-305. doi.10.1016/S0921-5107(99)00395-5
[2] P. Zu, Z. K. Tang, G. K. L. Wong, M. Kawasaki, A. Ohtomo, H. Koinuma and Y. Segawa, “Ultraviolet Spontaneous and Stimulated Emissions from zno Microcrystallite Thin Films at Room Temperature,” Solid State Commun, Vol. 103, No. 8, 1997, pp. 459. doi.10.1016/S0038-1098(97)00216-0
[3] E. Ohshima, H. Ogino, I. Niikura, K. Maeda, M. Sato, M. Ito and T. Fukuda, “Growth of the 2-in-size Bulk ZnO single Crystals by the Hydrothermal Method,” Journal Crystal Growth, Vol. 260, No. 1-2, 2004, pp. 166-170. doi.10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2003.08.019
[4] T. L. Yang, D. H. Zhang, J. Ma, H. L. Ma and Y. Chen, “Transparent Conducting ZnO: Al Films Deposited on Organic Substrates Deposited by r.f. Magnetron-Sputter- ing,” Thin Solid Films, Vol. 326, No. 1-2, 1998, pp. 60-62. doi.10.1016/S0040-6090(98)00763-9
[5] B. Sang, A. Yamada and M. Konagai “Films for Solar Cells Grown by a Two-step Process with the Atomic Layer Deposition Technique,” Japanese Journal Applied Physics, Vol. 37, 1998, pp. 206-208. doi.10.1143/JJAP.37.L206
[6] J. F. Cordaro, Y. Shim and J. E. May,” ““Bulk electron traps in zinc oxide varistorsH,” Journal Applied Physics, Vol. 60, No. 12, 1986, pp. 4186-4191.. doi.10.1063/1.337504
[7] P. Verardi, N. Nastase, C. Gherasim, C. Ghica, M.Dinescu, R. Dinu and C. Flueraru, “Scanning force Microscopy and Electron Microscopy Studies of Pulsed Laser Deposited Zno Thin Films: Application to the Bulk Acoustic Waves (Baw) Devices,” Journal Crystal Growth, Vol. 197, No.3, 1999, pp. 523-528. doi.10.1016/S0022-0248(98)00808-2
[8] X. Tang, E. Shi G. Choo, L. Li, J. Ding and J. M. Xue, “One-Pot Synthesis of Water-Stable ZnO Nanoparticles via a Polyol Hydrolysis Route and Their Cell Labeling Applications,” Langmuir, Vol. 25, No. 9, 2009, pp. 5271- 5275. doi.10.1021/la900374b
[9] I. Irzh, L. Genish, L. Klein, A. Solovyov and A. Gedanken, “Synthesis of ZnO and Zn Nanoparticles in Microwave Plasma and Their Deposition on Glass Slides,” Langmuir, Vol. 26, No. 8, 2010, pp. 5976-5984. doi.10.1021/la904499s
[10] Y. L. Zhang, Y. Yang, J. H. Zhao, R. Q. Tan, P. Cui and W. J. Song, “Preparation of ZnO Nanoparticles by a Surfactant-Assisted Complex Sol-gel Method Using Zinc Nitrate,” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, Vol. 51, No. 2, 2009, pp. 198-203. doi.10.1007/s10971-009-1959-5
[11] S. M. Haile, D. W. Jonhagon, G. H. Wiserm, Aqueous “Precipitation of Spherical Zinc Oxide Powders for Varistor Applications,” Journal American Ceram Socience, Vol. 72, No. 10, 1989, pp. 2004-2008. doi.10.1111/j.1151-2916.1989.tb06020.x
[12] C. H. Lu and C. H. Yeh, “Influence of Hydrothermal Conditions on the Morphology and Particle Size of Zinc Oxide Powder,” Ceramics International, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2000, pp. 351-357. doi.10.1016/S0272-8842(99)00063-2
[13] J. A. Cornell and D. C. Montgomery, “Interaction Models as Alternatives to Low-Order Polynomials,” Journal of Quality Technology, Vol. 28, No. 2, 1996, 163.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.