Salt tolerant culturable microbes accessible in the soil of the Sundarban Mangrove forest, India

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:222KB) PP. 35-40
DOI: 10.4236/oje.2011.12004    7,650 Downloads   21,018 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Sundarban Mangrove forest is highly productive marine ecosystem where halophilic microbes actively participate in bio-mineralization and biotransformation of minerals. The population of aerobic halophilic microbes was studied to determine their distribution with the availability of different physicochemical parameters with increasing depth of this forest sediment. The present study revealed that microbes present in the top soil region were less tolerant to fluctuation in salinity than the middle and bottom segment. Microbes isolated from bottom segment showed higher growth rate in anaerobic condition. A decreasing trend of total microbial population and organic carbon content of soil were found with increase in depth. In contrary a reverse profile was found for salinity. A significant stratification was found to exist among microbial population and the salty nature of the soil of Sundarban Mangrove forest.

Cite this paper

Das, S. , De, M. , Ray, R. , Ganguly, D. , Jana, T. and De, T. (2011) Salt tolerant culturable microbes accessible in the soil of the Sundarban Mangrove forest, India. Open Journal of Ecology, 1, 35-40. doi: 10.4236/oje.2011.12004.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Yuan, B.C., Li, Z.Z., Liu, H., Gao, M. and Zhang, Y.Y. (2007) Microbial biomass and activity in salt affected soils under arid conditions, Applied Soil Ecology, 35, 319-328. doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2006.07.004
[2] Siddikee, M., Ashaduzzamanl, Sherlyn, C., Tipayno1, Kiyoon, K., Jongbae, C. and Tongmin, S. (2011) Influence of varying degree of salinity-sodicity stress on enzyme activities and bacterial populations of coastal soils of yellow sea, South Korea, Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 21, 341-346.
[3] Holguin, G., Bashan, Y. and Vazavez, P. (2001). The role of sediment microorganism in the productivity, conservation and rehabilitation of mangrove ecosystem: an overview, Biology of Fertile Soils, 33, 265-278. doi.org/10.1007/s003740000319
[4] Toledo, G., Bashan, Y. and Soeldner, A. (1995) Cyanobacteria and black mangroves in Northwestern Mexico: colonization, and diurnal and seasonal nitrogen fixation on aerial roots, Candian Journal of Microbiology, 41, 999-1011. doi.org/10.1139/m95-139
[5] Vazquez, P., Holguin, G., Puente, M.E., Lopez-Cortes, A. and Bashan, Y. (2000) Phosphate-solubilizing microorg- anisms associated with the rhizosphere of mangroves in a semiarid coastal lagoon, Biology of Fertile Soils, 30, 460- 468. doi.org/10.1007/s003740050024
[6] Rojas, A., Holguin, G., Glick, B.R. and Bashan, Y. (2001) Synergism between Phyllobacterium sp. (N2-fixer) and Bacillus licheniformis (P-solubilizer), both from a semiarid mangrove rhizosphere, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 35, 181-187. doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2001.tb00802.x
[7] Kaushik, A., and Sethi, V. (2005) Salinity effects on nitrifying and free diazotrophic bacterial populations in the rhizosphere of rice, Bulletin of the National Institute of Ecology, 15, 139-144.
[8] DasSarma S. and Arora, P. (2002) Halophiles; in encyclopedia of life sciences, Nature Publishing Group, London, 8, 458-466.
[9] Senior; E., Lindstrom, E.B., Banat, I.M. and Nedwell, D.B. (1982). Sulfate reduction and mathanogenesis in the sediment of a saltmarsh on the eastcoast of the United Kingdom, Applied Environ Microbiol, 43, 987-996.
[10] Sorensen, J., Jorgensen, B.B. and Revsbech, N.P. (1979). A comparison of oxygen, nitrate and sulfate respiration in coastal marine sediment, Microbial Ecology, 5, 105-111. doi.org/10.1007/BF02010501
[11] Lovley, D.R. and Klug, M.J. (1982) Intermediary metab- olism of organic matter in the sediment of a eutrophic lake, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 43, 552-560.
[12] Mohanraju, R. and Natarajan, R. (1992) Methanogenic bacteria in mangrove sediments, Hydrobiologia, 247, 187-193. doi.org/10.1007/BF00008218
[13] Chen-rul, W., Yi, S., Xiao-Ming Y., Jie, W. and Jin Y. (2003) Advances of study on atmospheric methane oxidation (consumption) in forest soil, Journal of Forest Research, 14(3), 230-238. doi.org/10.1007/BF02856837
[14] Teri, C.B. and Mary, K.F. (2005) Linking microbial community composition and soil processes in a California annual grassland and mixed conifer forest, Biogeochemistry, 73, 395-415.
[15] Riley, R.H., Peter, M. and Vitousek, P.M. (1995) Nutrient dynamics and nitrogen trace gas flux during ecosystem development in montane rain forest, Ecology, 76, 292- 304. doi.org/10.2307/1940650.
[16] Alavandi, S. (1990) Relationship between heterotrophic bacteria and suspended particulate matter in the Arabian Sea, Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, 30, 89-92.
[17] Capone, D.G. (2002) Microbial nitrogen cycle, in: Manu- al of environmental microbiology (Ed: C.J. Aurstic and R.L. Crawford), ASM Press, Washington D.C., 439.
[18] Bianchi, A. and Giuliano, L., (1996) Enumeration of viable bacteria in the marine pelagic environment, Applied Environmental Microbiology, 62, 174-177
[19] Grasshoff, Ehrhardt and Kremling (1983) Standard methos for sea water analysys, 2nd edition, Wiley-VCH, Geman.
[20] Mussa, S.A.B., Elferjani, H.S., Haroun, F.A. and Abdelnabi, F.F. (2009) Determination of Available Nitrate, Phosphate and Sulfate in Soil Samples. International Journal of PharmTech Research, 1, pp 598-604 .
[21] Tiwari, S. C., Tiwari, B. K. and Mishra, R. R (1989) Microbial community, enzyme activity and CO2 evolution in Pineapple Orchard soil, Tropical Ecology, 30(2), 265-273.
[22] Walkley, A. and Black, J. A., (1934) An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method, Soil Science, 37, 29-38.
[23] Kathiresan, K. (2001) Biology of mangroves and mangrove ecosystem. In:Advances in marine biology (Ed.: A.J. Southward), Academic Press, U.K. 81-251.
[24] Odum, E.P. (1971) Fundamentals of ecology. 2nd Edn., W.B. Saunders Company and Toppan Company, Philadelphia, U.S.A. 574-575.
[25] Chun-Hua L., Hong-Wei, Z., Yuk-Shan, W. and Nora Fung-Yee T. (2009) Vertical distribution and anaerobic biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in mangrove sediments in Hong Kong, South China, Science of the Total Environment, 407(21), 5772-5779.
[26] Lowe, S. E, Jain M. K. and Zeikus, J. G. (1993) Biology, ecology, and biotechnological applications of anaerobic bacteria adapted to environmental stresses in temperature, pH, salinity, or substrates, Microbiology and Biotech- nology Reviews, 57(2), 451-509.
[27] Moradi1, A., Tahmourespour, A., Mehran Hoodaji, M. and Khorsandi, F. (2011) Effect of salinity on free living-diazotroph and total bacterial populations of two saline soils, African Journal of Microbiology Research, 5(2), 144-148.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.