Response of Different Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum Var. Durum) Varieties to Added Nitrogen Fertilizer


Twelve durum wheat genotypes were evaluated for their grain yield and related traits using two rates of nitrogen fertilizer application (69 kg N ha-1 and 115 kg N ha-1) in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The experiment was done on Vertisol at Adet Agricultural Research Center in the main cropping season 2009. All agronomic traits respond positively to applied nitrogen rates. The highest grain yield (33.8 Qt·ha-1) was reported from Asassa variety. Grain yield increased by 8.8 Qt·ha-1 with the increase of nitrogen rates by 46 kg N ha-1. Studied traits, except days to heading, grain filling period and biomass production efficiency, others did not respond to the genotype by nitrogen interaction effect. Grain yield was positively correlated with plant height (r = 0.53), total plant biomass (r = 0.81).

Share and Cite:

Belay, M. (2014) Response of Different Durum Wheat (Triticum turgidum Var. Durum) Varieties to Added Nitrogen Fertilizer. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-7. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1100873.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2008) Report on Area and Crop Production Forecast for Major Grain Crops. Statistical Bulletin 409, January 2008, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[2] CIMMYT (1992) Durum Wheats: Challenges and Opportunities Wheat Special Report No. 9. Proceedings of the International Workshop Ciudad Obregon, Mexico, 23-25 March 1992.
[3] Broadbent, F.E. (1981) Methodology for Nitrogen Transformation and Balance in Soil. Plant and Soil, 58, 383-399.
[4] Mamo, T. and Haque, I. (1988) Potassium Status of Some Ethiopian Soils. East African Agriculture and Forestry Journal, 53, 123-130.
[5] Le Gouis, J., Béghin, D., Heumez, E. and Pluchard, P. (2000) Genetic Differences for Nitrogen Uptake and Nitrogen Utilization Efficiencies in Winter Wheat. European Journal of Agronomy, 12, 163-173.
[6] Ma, B.L. and Dwyer, L.M. (1998) Nitrogen Uptake and Use of Two Contrasting Maize Hybrids Differing in Leaf Senescence. Plant and Soil, 199, 283-291.
[7] Kamoshita, A., Muchow, R.C., Cooper, M. and Fukai, S. (1998) Genotypic Variation for Grain Yield and Grain Nitrogen Concentration among Sorghum Hybrids under Different Levels of Nitrogen Fertiliser and Water Supply. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 49, 737-747.
[8] Zegeye, T., Taye, G., Tanner, D., Verkuijl, H., Agidie, A. and Mwangi, W. (2000) Adoption of Improved Bread Wheat Varieties and Inorganic Fertilizer by Small-scale Farmers in Yelmana Densa and Farta Districts of Northwestern Ethiopia. Ethiopia.
[9] SAS Institute (2001) SAS for Windows. Versone 8. SAS Inst., Cary, NC.
[10] Number Cruncher Statistical Soft Ware (NCSS) (2001) Number Cruncher Statistical System, Statistical System for Windows. Jerry L. Hintze, Kaysville, UT.
[11] Steel, R.G.D and Torrie, J.H. (1980) Principles and Procedures of Statistics in Biological Research. 2nd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
[12] Belay, G., Tesemma, T. and Mitiku, D. (1993) Variability and Correlation Studies in Durum Heat in Alem-Tena, Ethiopia. Rachis, 12, 38-41.
[13] Patil, A.K. and Jain, S. (2002) Studies of Genetic Variability in Wheat under Rainfed Condition. JNKVV Research Journal, 36, 25-28.
[14] Anwar, M. (1988) Physiological Aspects of Grain Development in 2 Wheat Varieties as Influenced by Nitrogen Application. M.Sc. Thesis, Deptt. Crop Physiology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.
[15] Keulen, H. and Saligman, H.G. (1987) Simulation of Water Use, Nitrogen Nutrition and Growth of a Spring Wheat Crop. Pudoc, Wageningen.
[16] Akbar, M., Khan, N.I. and Chaudhry, M.H. (1995) Variation and Interrelationship between Some Biometric Characters in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Agricultural Research, 23, 247-255.
[17] Geleto, T., Tanner, D.G., Mamo, T. and Gebeyehu, G. (1995) Response of Rain Fed Bread and Durum Wheat to Source, Level, and Timing of Nitrogen Fertilizer on Two Ethiopian Vertisols. I. Yield and Yield Components. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 26, 1773-1794.
[18] Mae, T. (1997) Physiological Nitrogen Efficiency in Rice: Nitrogen Utilization, Photosynthesis, and Yield Potential. In: Ando, T., Ed., Plant Nutrition for Sustainable Food Production and Environment, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 51-60.
[19] Gasper, I. and Zama, E. (1990) Studies of the Variability, Inheritance and Correlation of the Main Quantitative Characters in Some Forms of Rye with Short Stature. Wheat, Barley and Triticale Abstracts, 9, 239.
[20] Chaudhry, A.U. and Mehmood, R. (1998) Determination of Optimum Level of Fertilizer Nitrogen for Two Varieties of Wheat. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 1, 351-353.
[21] Aycecik, M. and Yildirim, T. (2006) Path Coefficient Analysis of Yield and Yield Components in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 38, 417-424.
[22] Donmez, E., Sears, R.G., Shroyer, J.P. and Paulsen, G.M. (2000) Evaluation of Winter Durum Wheat for Kansas. Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, Publication No. 00-172-S.
[23] Soon, Y.K., Brandt, S.A. and Malhi, S.S. (2006) Nitrogen Supply of a Dark Brown Chernozem Soil and Its Utilization by Wheat. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 86, 483-491.
[24] Slafter, G.A. and Andrade, F.H. (1989) Genetic Improvement in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum) Yield in Argentina. Field Crops Research, 21, 289-296.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.