A Comparative Study in Efficacy of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Group Hypnotherapy on Depression

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100465   PDF        1,123 Downloads   1,729 Views   Citations

Abstract

Group CBT is an effective treatment for depression, although there is a dearth of research on the treatment of depression using group hypnotherapy. The present study compares the effectiveness of these two therapies on depression. Experimental and convenience sampling were applied with pre and posttest designs. The sample consists of 30 patients with major depression that were split into two groups of 15 subjects. The first group was treated with group hypnotherapy and the second one with group CBT. The data were analyzed by independent t-test. Data shows that depression scores in group hypnotherapy decreased in significance level of (p < 0.01), comparing with scores in group CBT and it indicated that a variance is present between the two groups at the pre and posttest in significance level of (p < 0.01). In terms of better efficacy, group hypnotherapy is recommended for treatment of depression.

Share and Cite:

Erfanian, M. and Keshavarz, A. (2014) A Comparative Study in Efficacy of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Group Hypnotherapy on Depression. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-5. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1100465.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Baghai, T.C., Moller, H.J. and Rupprecht, R. (2006) Recent Progress in Pharmacological and Non-Pharmacological Treatment Options of Major Depression. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 12, 503-515.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/138161206775474422
[2] Morris, J.T. and Beck, A. (1974) The Efficacy of Antidepressant Drugs: A Review of Research (1958 to 1972). Archives of General Psychiatry, 30, 667-674.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1974.01760110083010
[3] Sidney, J.B. (2013) Contributions of Psychoanalysis to the Understanding and Treatment of Depression. The Journal of American Psychoanalysis Association, 46, 723-752.
[4] Yatham, L.N., Kennedy, S.H., O’Donovan, C., Parikh, S.V., MacQueen, G., McIntyre, R.S., Sharma, V., Beaulieu, S. and CANMAT Guidelines Group (2006) Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Bipolar Disorder: Update 2007. Bipolar Disorders Journal, 8, 721-739.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-5618.2006.00432.x
[5] Wells, A. (1995) Meta-Cognition and Worry: A Cognitive Model of Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy Journal, 23, 301-320.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465800015897
[6] Saeedi, M. and Judy, M. (2012) Application Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in the Treatment of Substance Dependence Disorders Using Hypnosis. Paper Presented at the 1st International Conference on Hypnosis and Related Sciences, Iran.
[7] Rafii, T. and Hadizadeh, R. (2012) Hypnotherapy Effect on Students’ Aggression. Paper Presented at the 1st International Conference on Hypnosis and Related Sciences, Iran.
[8] Shakeri, H., Varkany, E., Saberi, M. and Ghavami, B. (2012) Comparison of Drug Therapy and Hypnosis in the Treatment of Anxiety Disorders. Paper Presented at the 1st International Conference on Hypnosis and Related Sciences, Iran.
[9] Kirsch, I. (2010) The Emperor’s New Drugs: Exploding the Antidepressant Myth. Random House, London.
[10] Dobson, K.S., Hollon, S.D., Dimidjian, S., Schmaling, K., Kohlenburg, R., Gallop, R., Rizvi, S., Gollan, J., Dunner, D. and Jacobson, N. (2008) Randomized Trial of Behavioral Activation, Cognitive Therapy and Anti-Depressant Medication in the Prevention of Relapse and Recurrence in Major Depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 468-477.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.76.3.468
[11] Yapko, M.D. (2012) Treating Depression with Hypnosis: Integrating Cognitive Behavioral and Strategic Approaches.
[12] Alladin, A. and Alibhai, A. (2007) Cognitive Hypnotherapy for Depression: An Empirical Investigation. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 55, 147-166.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207140601177897

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.