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Assessment of Prevalence and Related Factors of Diarrheal Diseases among Under-Five Year’s Children in Debrebirehan Referral Hospital, Debrebirehan Town, North Shoa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

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DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100283    1,328 Downloads   2,979 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Diarrheal diseases are one of the top (major) leading causes of under-five morbidity, mortality and under nutrition in developing countries. In African countries including Ethiopia, each child on average suffers from five episodes of diarrhea per year while the two-week prevalence ranges from 10% to 40% in different parts of Ethiopia. Objective: To assess prevalence and associated factors for the occurrence of diarrhea diseases among the under-five year’s children in Debrebirehan referral hospital. Method: A facility-based cross sectional study design was conducted among 483 children less than 5 years of age who came to Debrebirehan referral hospital from February 1, 2013 to June 30, 2013. Data were collected, entered analyzed by using SPSS statistical software version 16.0. A logistic regression model was used to associated factors for the occurrence of diarrhea diseases. Results: The prevalence of diarrhea among mothers and under- five children was 9.3% and 31.7%, respectively. Occupation of mothers (private workers) [(AOR: 2.004, 95% CI: (1.167 - 3.442)], occupation of fathers (farmers) [AOR: 1.427, 95% CI: (1.224 - 1.812)], maternal history of recent diarrhea [(AOR: 1.042, 95% CI: (1.015 - 1.219)], houses having one room [AOR: 1.297, 95% CI: (1.097 - 1.906) and houses having two rooms [AOR: 1.151, 95% CI: (1.032 - 1.716)], living with cattle in one house [AOR: 1.297, 95% CI: (1.097 - 1.906)], address (rural) [AOR: 2.527, 95% CI: (1.847 - 7.538)], feeding of gruel for children [AOR: 3.046, 95% CI: (1.408 - 6.587)], feeding of adult’s food for children [(AOR: 3.703, 95% CI: (1.324 - 10.354)], method of dipping to take water from water containers [AOR: 1.371, 95% CI: (1.137 - 1.607) & water storage container without cover [(AOR: 1.304, 95% CI: (1.110 - 1.836)] had significant association with diarrheal diseases. Conclusion and Recommendation: In this study, the prevalence of diarrheal diseases was very high and major problem among under-five children. The health institutions efforts should be strengthened to decrease factors which increase diarrheal diseases.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mamo, A. and Hailu, A. (2014) Assessment of Prevalence and Related Factors of Diarrheal Diseases among Under-Five Year’s Children in Debrebirehan Referral Hospital, Debrebirehan Town, North Shoa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-14. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1100283.

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