X-Pinches as Broadband Sources of X-Rays for Radiography

DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2015.811071   PDF   HTML   XML   4,852 Downloads   5,283 Views   Citations


Two methods of using the X-pinch as a source of X-ray radiation for radiography of biological objects are presented. X-pinches are found to be a very flexible method for generation of radiation over a wide spectral range and provide a high spatial and temporal resolution.

Share and Cite:

Shelkovenko, T. , Pikuz, S. and Hammer, D. (2015) X-Pinches as Broadband Sources of X-Rays for Radiography. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering, 8, 747-755. doi: 10.4236/jbise.2015.811071.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Zakharov, S.M., Ivanenkov, G.V., Kolomenskii, A.A., Pikuz, S.A., Samokhin, A.I. and Ulshmid, J. (1982) Wire X-Pinch in a High Current Diode. Soviet Technical Physics Letters, 8, 456-457.
[2] Kalantar, D.H. and Hammer, D.A. (1995) The X-Pinch as a Point Source of X Rays for Backlighting. Review of Scientific Instruments, 66, 779-781.
[3] Shelkovenko, T.A., Sinars, D.B., Pikuz, S.A. and Hammer, D.A. (2001) Radiographic and Spectroscopic Studies of X Pinch Plasma Implosion Dynamics and X-Ray Burst Emission Characteristics. Physics of Plasmas, 6, 1305-1318.
[4] Pikuz, S.A., Shelkovenko, T.A. and Hammer, D.A. (2015) Х-Pinch. Plasma Physics Reports, 41, 291-342.
[5] Pikuz, S.A., Shelkovenko, T.A., Mingaleev, A.R., Romanova, V.M., Song, B.M., Chandler, K.M., Mitchell, M.D. and Hammer, D.A. (2005) The X-Pinch as an X-Ray Source for Point-Projection Radiography. The International Society for Optical Engineering, International Conference on Charged and Neutral Particles Channeling Phenomena, 5974, 59740T1.
[6] Shelkovenko, T.A., Pikuz, S.A., Douglass, J.D., Greenly, J.B. and Hammer, D.A. (2006) Multiwire X Pinches at 1-MA Current on the COBRA Pulsed Power Generator. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 34, 2336-2241.
[7] Shelkovenko, T.A., Pikuz, S.A., Cahill, A.D., Knapp, P.F., Hammer, D.A., Sinars, D.B., Tilikin, I.N. and Mishin, S.N. (2010) Hybrid X-Pinch with Conical Electrodes. Physics of Plasmas, 17, 112707-1-112707-5.
[8] Shelkovenko, T.A., Pikuz, S.A., Song, B.M., Chandler, K.M., Mitchell, M.D., Hammer, D.A., Ivanenkov, G.V., Mingaleev, A.R. and Romanov, V.M. (2005) Elec-tron-Beam-Generated X-Rays from X Pinches. Physics of Plasmas, 12, 033102-033108.
[9] Shelkovenko, T.A., Pikuz, S.A., Mingaleev, A.R., Agafonov, A.V., Romanova, V.M., Ter-Oganes’yan, A.E., Tkachenko, S.I., Blesener, I.C., Mitchell, M.D., Chandler, K.M., Kusse, B.R. and Hammer, D.A. (2008) Accelerated Electrons and Hard X-Ray Emission from X-Pinches. Plasma Physics Reports, 34, 754-770.
[10] Shelkovenko, T.A., Pikuz. S.A., Hoyt, C.L., Cahill, A.D., Hammer, D.A., Tilikin, I.N., Mingaleev, A.R. and Agafonov, A.V. (2014) Hard X-Rays from Hybrid X Pinches. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1639, 108-111.
[11] Shelkovenko, T.A., Pikuz, S.A., Mishin, S.N., Mingaleev, A.R., Tilikin, I.N., Knapp, P.F., Cahill, A.D., Hoyt, C.L. and Hammer, D.A. (2010) Hybrid X-Pinches. Plasma Physics Reports, 38, 359-381.
[12] Shelkovenko, T.A., Tilikin, I.N., Ivanenkov, G.V., Stepniewski, W., Mingaleev, A.R., Romanova, V.M., Agafonov, A.V., Cahill, A.D., Hoyt, C.L., Gourdain, P.A., Hammer, D.A. and Pikuz, S.A. (2015) Dynamics of Hybrid X-Pinches. Plasma Physics Reports, 41, 52-70.
[13] Song, B.M., Pikuz, S.A., Shelkovenko, T.A. and Hammer, D.A. (2002) Small Size X-Pinch Radiation Source for Application to Phase-Contrast X-Ray Radiography of Biological Specimens. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, 2, 868-872.
[14] Song, B.M., Pikuz, S.A., Shelkovenko, T.A. and Hammer, D.A. (2005) Determination of the Size and Structure of an X Pinch X-Ray Source from the Diffraction Pattern Produced by Microfabricaterd Slits. Applied Optics, 44, 2349-2358.
[15] Greenly, J.B., Douglass, J.D., Hammer, D.A., Kusse, B.R., Glidden, S.C. and Sanders, H.D. (2008) A 1 MA, Variable Risetime Pulse Generator for High Energy Density Plasma Research. Review of Scientific Instruments, 79, 073501.
[16] Beg, F.N., Krushelnik, K., Lichtsteiner, P., Meakins, A., Kennedy, A., Kajumba, N., Burt, G. and Dangor, A.E. (2003) Table-Top X-Pinch for X-Ray Radiography. Applied Physics Letters, 82, 4602-4604.
[17] Mesyats, G.A., Shelkovenko, T.A., Ivanenkov, G.V., Agafonov, A.V., Savinov, S.Y., Pikuz, S.A., Tilikin, I.N., Tkachenko, S.I., Chaikovskii, S.A., Ratakhin, N.A., Fedushchak, V.F., Oreshkin, V.I., Fedunin, A.V., Russkikh, A.G., Labetskaya, N.A., Artemov, A.P., Hammer, D.A. and Sinars, D.B. (2010) X-Pinch Source of Subnanosecond Soft X-Ray Pulses Based on Small-Sized Low-Inductance Current Generator. Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, 111, 363-370.
[18] Artyomov, A.P., Fedyunin, A.V., Chaikovsky, S.A., Zhigalin, A.S., Oreshkin, V.I., Ratakhin, N.A. and Rousskikh, A.G. (2013) A Double-Frame Nanosecond Soft X-Ray Backlighting System Based on X-Pinches. Instruments and Experimental Techniques, 56, 66-71.
[19] Pikuz, S.A., Shelkovenko, T.A., Sinars, D.B. and Hammer, D.A. (2006) Temporal Characteristics of X-Ray Emission from X-Pinches. Plasma Physics Report, 32, 1020-1033.
[20] Pikuz, S.A., Shelkovenko, T.A., Mingaleev, A.R., Hammer, D.A. and Neves, H.P. (1999) Density Measurements in Txploding Wire-Initiated Plasmas Using Tungsten Wires. Physics of Plasmas, 6, 4272-4283.
[21] Song, B.M., Shelkovenko, T.A., Pikuz, S.A., Mitchell, M.A., Chandler, K.M. and Hammer, D.A. (2004) X Pinch X-Ray Radiation Above 8 keV for Application to High-Resolution Radiography of Biological Specimens. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 51, 2514-2519.
[22] Shelkovenko, T.A., Pikuz, S.A., Blesener, I.C., McBride, R.D., Bell, K.S., Hammer, D.A., Agafonov, A.V., Romanova, V.M. and Mingaleev, A.R. (2008) Measurements of High-Current Electron Beams from X Pinches and Wire Array Z Pinches. Review of Scientific Instruments, 79, 10E316.
[23] Tailor, A.G., Goffinet, M.C., Pikuz, S.A., Shelkovenko, T.A., Mitchell, M.D., Chandler, K.M. and Hammer, D.A. (2003) Physico-Chemical Factors Influence Beet (Beta vulgris L.) Seed Germination. In: Nicolás, G., Bradford, K.J., Come, D. and Pritchard, H.W., Eds., The Biology of Seeds: Recent Research Advances, CAB International, Wallingford, 433-440.
[24] Shekovenko, T.A., Pikuz, S.A. and Hammer, D.A. (2015) Point-Projection Radiography of Plasma and Biological Objects in an X-Pinch Radiation. Plasma Physics Reports. (in press)

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.