Share This Article:

Scanning Electron Micrographic Investigation of Explanted (Used) Metallic Biomedical Implants for Corrosion and Other Mechanical Damage Responsible for Failure

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:5396KB) PP. 869-878
DOI: 10.4236/msa.2015.610089    2,726 Downloads   3,142 Views  

ABSTRACT

This paper deals with detailed corrosion analysis of explanted devices. The study of total 6 different types of orthopedic metallic implant was carried out after collecting the clinical report from the doctors, who performed these implantations. The clinical report covered the purpose of implantation, body part where implantation was done, and physiological reasons of removal of implant. The metallurgical investigation to study corrosion and any other mechanical damage to the implant surface during their service period was done using the Scanning Electron Micrography. SEM presented in this paper reveals the presence of in-vitro corrosion and mechanical damage as well, which are corroborating well with clinical reports.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Trivedi, V. , Saxena, V. and Srivastav, A. (2015) Scanning Electron Micrographic Investigation of Explanted (Used) Metallic Biomedical Implants for Corrosion and Other Mechanical Damage Responsible for Failure. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 869-878. doi: 10.4236/msa.2015.610089.

References

[1] Fraker, A.C. (1992) Corrosion, ASM Handbook. ASM International, 13, 1324-1335.
[2] Speirs, A.D., Nganbe, M., Louati, H, Khan, U. and Beaulé, P.E. (2010) In Vitro and Retrieval Analysis of Modular Necks in Total Hip Arthroplasty. Proceedings of 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, McKay Orthopaedic Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 6-9 March 2010, pp.
[3] Gonzalez, J.E.G. and Mirza-Rosca, J.C. (1999) Study of the Corrosion Behavior of Titanium and Some of Its Alloys for Biomedical and Dental Implant Applications. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 471, 109-115.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0728(99)00260-0
[4] Kannan, S., Balamurugan, A. and Rajeswari, S. (2005) Electrochemical Characterization of Hydroxyapatite Coatings on HNO3 Passivated 316L SS for Implant Applications. Electrochimicaacta, 50, 2065-2072.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2004.09.015
[5] Fossati, A., Borgioli, F., Galvanetto, E. and Bacci, T. (2006) Glow Discharge Nitriding of AISI 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel: Influence of Treatment Time. Surface & Coatings Technology, 200, 3511-3517.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2004.10.122
[6] Syrett, B.C. and Wing, S.S. (1978) An Electrochemical Investigation of Fretting Corrosion of Surgical Implant Materials. Corrosion, 34, 378-386.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5006/0010-9312-34.11.378
[7] Rodrigues, D.C., Valderrama, P., Wilson Jr., T.G., Palmer, K., Thomas, A., Sridhar, S., Adapalli, A., Burbano, M. and Wadhwani, C. (2013) Titanium Corrosion Mechanisms in the Oral Environment: A Retrieval Study. Materials, 6, 5258-5274.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma6115258
[8] Sargeant, A. and Goswami, T. (2007) Hip Impants—Ion concentrations. Materials & Design, 28, 155-171.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2005.05.018
[9] Cheng, Y., Hu, J., Zhang, C., Wang, Z., Hao, Y. and Gao, B. (2013) Corrosion Behavior of Novel Ti-24Nb-4Zr-7.9Sn Alloy for Dental Implant Applications in Vitro. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B, 101, 287-294.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.32838
[10] Waddell, J.N., Payne, A.G.T. and Kieser, J.A. (2010) Scanning Electron Microscopy Observations of Failures of Implant Overdenture Bars: A Case Series Report. Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, 12, 26-38.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1708-8208.2008.00127.x
[11] Rodrigues, D.C., Urban, R.M., Jacobs, J.J. and Gilbert, J.L. (2009) In Vivo Severe Corrosion and Hydrogen Embrittlement of Retrieved Modular Body Titanium Alloy Hip-Implants. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 88, 206-219.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbm.b.31171
[12] Suito, H., Iwawaki, Y., Goto, T., Tomotake, Y. and Ichikawa, T. (2013) Oral Factors Affecting Titanium Elution and Corrosion: An in Vitro Study Using Simulated Body Fluid. PLoS ONE, 8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066052
[13] Gristina, A.G. (1987) Biomaterial-Centered Infection: Microbial Adhesion versus Tissue Integration. Science, 237, 1588-1595.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.3629258
[14] Uhthoff, H.K., Poitras, P. and Backman, D.S. (2006) Internal Plate Fixation of Fractures: Short History and Recent Developments. Journal of Orthopaedic Science, 11, 118-126.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00776-005-0984-7
[15] Singh, R. and Dahotre, N.B. (2007) Corrosion Degradation and Prevention by Surface Modification of Biometallic Materials. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 18, 725-751.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10856-006-0016-y
[16] Fontana, M.G. (1987) Corrosion Engineering. 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, Singapore.
[17] Gea, S., Wang, S., Gitis, N., Vinogradov, M. and Xiao, J. (2008) Wear Behavior and Wear Debris Distribution of UHMWPE against Si3N4 Ball in Bi-Directional Sliding. Wear, 264, 571-578.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2007.05.001

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.