The Preparation and Catalytic Performance of Nanoporous CuO/CeO2 Composites

DOI: 10.4236/msce.2015.37021   PDF   HTML   XML   3,599 Downloads   4,012 Views   Citations


Nanoporous CuO/CeO2 ribbons are successfully prepared through dealloying melt-spun Al80-xCu20Cex (x = 0.5, 1, 2, 3, at%) alloy in a 5 wt% NaOH aqueous solution, followed by calcining in air. The samples are characterized by XRD, SEM, EDS, HRTEM, Raman and gas chromatograph. For the dealloyed melt-spun Al80-xCu20Cex (x = 0.5, 1, 2, 3, at%) alloy, the XRD results indicate that Cu and Cu2O are formed, while CuO and CeO2 are formed coupled with calcinations. The SEM shows that the CuO/CeO2 ribbons with a homogeneous pore/grain structure are thermally stable up to 600because uniform CeO2 particles are dispersedly loaded on the fine CuO grains of the porous structure, which is validated by TEM again. Meanwhile, the Raman spectra show that the concentration of oxygen vacancies reach a maximum value when the calcining temperature at 600. In addition, the gas chromatograph results show that the dealloyed Al78Cu20Ce2 ribbons with calcined at 600have the best active catalysis for CO oxidation and the rates of CO conversation reaching at 50% and 100% are 150and 320, respectively, owing to the synergetic effects of the CuO and CeO2 species.

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Wei, C. , Zhang, X. , Lu, F. , Song, Y. and Sun, Z. (2015) The Preparation and Catalytic Performance of Nanoporous CuO/CeO2 Composites. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 3, 154-161. doi: 10.4236/msce.2015.37021.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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