Choosing a Method to Reduce Selection Bias: A Tool for Researchers


Selection bias is well known to affect surveys and epidemiological studies. There have been numerous methods proposed to reduce its effects, so many that researchers may be unclear which method is most suitable for their study; the wide choice may even deter some researchers, for fear of choosing a sub-optimal approach. We propose a straightforward tool to inform researchers of the most promising methods available to reduce selection bias and to assist the search for an appropriate method given their study design and details. We demonstrate the tool using three examples where selection bias may occur; the tool quickly eliminates inappropriate methods and guides the researcher towards those to consider implementing. If more studies consider selection bias and adopt methods to reduce it, valuable time and resources will be saved, and should lead to more focused research towards disease prevention or cure.

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Keeble, C. , Law, G. , Barber, S. and Baxter, P. (2015) Choosing a Method to Reduce Selection Bias: A Tool for Researchers. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 5, 155-162. doi: 10.4236/ojepi.2015.53020.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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