Web Semantic and Ontology


Ontologies have become a popular research topic in many communities. In fact, ontology is a main component of this research; therefore, the definition, structure and the main operations and applications of ontology are provided. Web content consists mainly of distributed hypertext and hypermedia, and is accessed via a combination of keyword based search and link navigation. Hence, the ontology can provide a common vocabulary, and a grammar for publishing data, and can supply a semantic description of data which can be used to preserve the ontologies and keep them ready for inference. This paper provides basic concepts of semantic web, and defines the structure and the main applications of ontology.

Share and Cite:

Gontier, E. (2015) Web Semantic and Ontology. Advances in Internet of Things, 5, 15-20. doi: 10.4236/ait.2015.52003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Guarino, N. and Giaretta, P. (1995) Ontologies and Knowledge Bases. In: Towards Very Large Knowledge Bases, IOS Press, Amsterdam, 1-2.
[2] Web Ontology Language (OWL) Offers Additional Knowledge Base Oriented Ontology Constructs and Axioms.
[3] Ian Horrocks, Ontologies and the Semantic Web, Oxford University Computing Laboratory.
[4] http://protege.stanford.edu/
[5] Baader, F., Calvanese, D., McGuinness, D., Nardi, D. and Patel-Schneider, P.F., Eds. (2003) The Description Logic Handbook: Theory, Implementation and Applications. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[6] Horrocks, I. and Sattler, U. (2007) A Tableau Decision Procedure for SHOIQ. Journal of Automated Reasoning, 39, 249-276.
[7] Joseph, K. and William, R. (2003) DAMLJessKB: A Tool for Reasoning with the Semantic Web. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 18, 74-77.
[8] Joseph, K. And William, R. (2003) DAMLJessKB: A Tool for Reasoning with the Semantic Web. IEEE Intelligent Systems, 18, 74-77.
[9] Richard, F., Jessica, J. and Gleb, F. (2003) JTP: A System Architecture and Component Library for Hybrid Reasoning. Stanford University, Stanford.
[10] Carroll, J.J, Ian, D., Chris, D., Dave, R., Andy, S. and Kevin, W. (2004) Jena: Implementing the Semantic Web Recommendations. Proceedings of the 13th International World Wide Web Conference on Alternate Track Papers & Posters, 2004, 74-83. ISBN:1-58113-912-8.
[11] Zou, Y.Y., Finin, T. and Chen, H. (2004) F-OWL: An Inference Engine for the Semantic Web. Formal Approaches to Agent-Based Systems. Vol. 3228 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Proceedings of the Third International Workshop (FAABS), 16-18 April 2004.
[12] Dmitry, T. and Ian, H. (2003) Implementing New Reasoner with Datatypes Support. Wonder Web: Ontology Infrastructure for the Semantic Web Deliverable.
[13] Ian, H. (1998) The FaCT System. Automated Reasoning with Analytic Tableaux and Related Methods. International Conference Tableaux-98, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 307-312.
[14] Evren, S. and Bijan, P. (2004) Pellet: An OWL DL Reasoner. In: Description Logics, CEUR-WS.org, 9.
[15] Aditya, K., Bijan, P. and James, H. (2005) A Tool for Working with Web Ontologies. International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems, 1, 4.
[16] Michael, S. and Stefan, D. (2002) TRIPLE—A Query, Inference, and Transformation Language for the Semantic Web. Proceedings of the 1st International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC-02), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 364-378.
[17] Chalupsky, H. (2000) OntoMorph: A Translation System for Symbolic Knowledge. Proceedings of KR, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Francisco, 471-482.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.