The Impact of Available Nitrogen Deficiency on Long-Term Changes in the Lake Kinneret Ecosystem


Lake Kinneret Ecosystem structure has undergone significant modification since early 1990s. Scientists have indicated several causative factors for those long-term changes. The sharp decline of Peridinium and the upset of Cyanobacteria are the major changes. Several options were suggested as the reason for those changes. Among others are the followings: high amplitude of water level fluctuations, global warming, fisheries management, salts diversion, onset and offset of beach vegetation, anthropogenic operations in the drainage basin, allelopathic trait of algal competition, etc. It was suggested that the reduction of ammonia supply from the Hula Valley resulted in the conversion of the land from lake and swamps covered to agriculture followed by elimination of treated domestic sewage and fishponds effluents enhanced deficiency of available N in Lake Kinneret. This paper evaluates the impact of available Nitrogen decline which enhanced Kinneret ecosystem modifications.

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Gophen, M. (2015) The Impact of Available Nitrogen Deficiency on Long-Term Changes in the Lake Kinneret Ecosystem. Open Journal of Ecology, 5, 147-157. doi: 10.4236/oje.2015.54013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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