Carbon Dioxide Storage and Sequestration in Unconventional Shale Reservoirs

DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.31002   PDF   HTML   XML   3,022 Downloads   3,690 Views   Citations


Carbon Dioxide (CO2) storage and sequestration in unconventional shale resources has been attracting interest since last couple of years due to the very unique characteristics of such formations have made them a feasible option for this object. Shale formations are found all around the world and the conventional assets are easily accessible, and also the huge move of operators toward developing unconventional reservoirs during past years leaves many of such formations ready for sequestering CO2. Today, the use of long horizontal wells that are drilled on a pad has the lowest amount of environmental footprint in which for storage and sequestration purpose also provides much more underground pore spaces available for CO2. In this paper we study the state of the art of the technology of CO2 storage and sequestration and provide different and fresh look for its complex phenomena from a mathematical modeling point of view. Moreover, we hope this study provides valuable insights into the use of depleted shale gas reservoirs for carbon sequestration, which as a result, a cleaner atmosphere will be achieved for the life of our next generations. Also, we present that the depleted shale gas reservoirs are very adequate for this purpose as they already have much of the infrastructure required to perform CO2 injection available in sites.

Share and Cite:

Boosari, S. , Aybar, U. and Eshkalak, M. (2015) Carbon Dioxide Storage and Sequestration in Unconventional Shale Reservoirs. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 3, 7-15. doi: 10.4236/gep.2015.31002.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] National Energy Technology Laboratory (2010) Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada. 3rd Edition, the U.S. Department of Energy, Washington DC, p162. 2.
[2] Li, Z.W., Dong, M.Z., Li, S.L. and Huang, S. (2006) CO2 Sequestration in Depleted Oil and Gas Reservoirs—Caprock Characterization and Storage Capacity. Energy Conversion and Management, 47, 1372-1382.
[3] Rice University, News and Media Relations (2011) Shale Gas and U. S. National Security. Rice University News and Media Relations Team, Huston.
[4] Brown, M.L. (2009) Analytical Trilinear Pressure Transient Model for Multiply Fractured Horizontal Wells in Tight Shale Reservors. M.Sc. Thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden.
[5] Aybar, U., Eshkalak, M.O., Sepehrnoori, K. and Patzek, T.W. (2014) The Effect of Natural Fracture’s Closure on Long-Term Gas Production from Unconventional Resources. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 21, 1205-1231.
[6] Esmaili, S., Kalantari-Dahaghi, A. and Mohaghegh, S.D. (2012) Forecasting, Sensitivity and Economic Analysis of Hydrocarbon Production from Shale Plays Using Artificial Intelligence & Data Mining. SPE Canadian Unconventional Resources Conference, Calgary, 30 October-1 November 2012, SPE162700.
[7] Kalantari-Dahaghi, A. and Mohaghegh, S.D. (2011) Numerical Simulation and Multiple Realizations for Sensitivity Study of Shale Gas Reservoirs. SPE Production and Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, 27-29 March 2011, SPE 141058.
[8] Carslaw, H.S. and Jaeger, J.C. (1959) Conduction of Heat in Solids. 2nd Edition, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
[9] Van Everdingen, A.F. and Hurst, W. (1949) The Application of the Laplace Transformation to Flow Problems in Reservoirs. Journal of Petroleum Technology, 1, 305-324.
[10] Aybar, U., Eshkalak, M.O., Sepehrnoori, K. and Patzek, T.W. (2014) Long Term Effect of Natural Fractures Closure on Gas Production from Unconventional Reservoirs. SPE Eastern Regional Meeting, Charleston, 21-23 October 2014, SPE 171010.
[11] Ozkan, E., Raghavan, R.S. and Apaydin, O.G. (2010) Modeling of Fluid Transfer from Shale Matrix to Fracture Network. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Florence, 19-22 September 2010, SPE 134830.
[12] Torcuk, M.A., Kurtoglu, B., Fakcharoenphol, P. and Kazemi, H. (2013) Theory and Application of Pressure and Rate Transient Analysis in Unconventional Reservoirs. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, 30 September-2 October 2013, SPE 166147.
[13] Eshkalak, M.O., Mohaghegh, S.D. and Esmaili, S. (2014) Geomechanical Properties of Unconventional Shale Reservoirs. Journal of Petroleum Engineering, 2014, Article ID: 961641.
[14] Eshkalak, M.O., Mohaghegh, S.D. and Esmaili, S. (2013) Synthetic, Geomechanical Logs for Marcellus Shale. Digital Energy Conference and Exhibition, The Woodlands, 5-7 March 2013, SPE 163690.
[15] OmidvarEshkalak, M. (2013) Synthetic Geomechanical Logs and Distributions for Marcellus Shale. MSc Thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown.
[16] Michael, K., Arnot, M., Cook, P., Ennis-King, J., Funnell, R., Kaldi, J., Kirste, D. and Paterson, L. (2009) CO2 Storage in Saline Aquifers I—Current State of Scientific Knowledge. Energy Procedia, 1, 3197-3204.
[17] Aybar, U., Yu, W., Eshkalak, M., Sepehrnoori, K. and Patzek, T. (2015) Evaluation of Production Losses from Unconventional Shale Reservoirs. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 23, 509-516.
[18] JafarGandomi, A. and Curtis, A. (2011) Detectability of Petrophysical Properties of Subsurface CO2-Saturated Aquifer Reservoirs Using Surface Geophysical Methods. The Leading Edge, 30, 1112-1121.
[19] Eshkalak, M.O., Aybar, U. and Sepehrnoori, K. (2014) An Integrated Reservoir Model for Unconventional Resources, Coupling Pressure Dependent Phenomena. Eastern Regional Meeting, Charleston, 21-23 October 2014, SPE 171008.
[20] White, D. and Johnson, J. (2009) Integrated Geophysical and Geochemical Research Programs of the IEA GHG Weyburn-Midale CO2 Monitoring and Storage Project. Energy Procedia, 1, 2349-2356.
[21] Gale, J. and Freund, P. (2001) Coal-Bed Methane Enhancement with CO2 Sequestration Worldwide Potential. Environmental Geosciences, 8, 210-217.
[22] Benson, S., Hoversten, G.M., Gasperikova, E. and Haines, M. (2004) Monitoring Protocols and Life-Cycle Costs for Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Vancouver, 5-9 September 2004, 1259-1264.
[23] Benson, S. and Cole, D.R. (2008) CO2 Sequestration in Deep Sedimentary Formations. Elements, 4, 325-331.
[24] Eshkalak, M.O., Aybar, U. and Sepehrnoori, K. (2014) An Economic Evaluation on the Re-Fracturing Treatment of the US Shale Gas Resources. Eastern Regional Meeting, Charleston, 21-23 October 2014, SPE 171009.
[25] Bear, J. (1972) Dynamics of Fluids in Porus Media. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
[26] Godec, M., Koperna, G., Petrusak, R. and Oudinot, A. (2013) Potential for Enhanced Gas Recovery and CO2 Storage in the Marcellus Shale in the Eastern United States. International Journal of Coal Geology, 118, 95-104.
[27] Kang, S.M., Fathi, E., Ambrose, R., Akkutlu, I. and Sigal, R. (2011) Carbon Dioxide Storage Capacity of Organic-Rich Shales. SPE Journal, 16, 842-855.
[28] Eshkalak, M.O., Al-Shalabi, E.W., Sanaei, A., Aybar, U. and Sepehrnoori, K. (2014) Simulation Study on the CO2Driven Enhanced Gas Recovery with Sequestration versus the Re-Fracturing Treatment of Horizontal Wells in the U.S. Unconventional Shale Reservoirs. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, 21, 1015-1024.
[29] Eshkalak, M.O., Al-Shalabi, E.W., Sanaei, A., Aybar, U. and Sepehrnoori, K. (2014) Enhanced Gas Recovery by CO2 Sequestration versus Re-Fracturing Treatment in Unconventional Shale Gas Reservoirs. Abu Dhabi International Petroleum and Exhibition and Conference, Abu Dhabi, 10-13 November 2014, SPE 172083.
[30] Aybar, U. (2014) Investigation of Analytical Models Incorporating Geomechanical Effects on Production Performance of Hydraulically and Naturally Fractured Unconventional Reservoirs. MSc Thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin.
[31] Gensterblum, Y., Busch, A. and Krooss, B.M. (2014) Molecular Concept and Experimental Evidence of Competitive Adsorption of H2O, CO2 and CH4 on Organic Material. Fuel, 115, 581-588.
[32] Polson, D., Curtis, A. and Vivalda, C. (2012) The Evolving Perception of Risk during Reservoir Evaluation Projects for Geological Storage of CO2. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 9, 10-23.
[33] Eke, P.E., Naylor, M., Haszeldine, S. and Curtis, A. (2011) CO2-Brine Surface Dissolution and Injection: CO2 Storage Enhancement. SPE Projects, Facilities and Construction, 6, 41-53.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.